Hodgkin Lymphoma

Hodgkin Lymphoma

Hodgkin's Lymphoma Treatment in India - Types, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Lymphoma is a medical ailment in the form of cancer which damages the lymphatic system, the white blood cells called lymphocytes that work as protection against infections and diseases.

Lymphocytes affected by the disease reproduce faster instead of dying normally to provide space for new cells. Lymphoma starts from and attacks the white blood cells (WBC's) which make up the body's immune system responsible for shielding your body against several germs and infection.

Hodgkin's lymphoma, which is sometimes also called the Hodgkin's disease/Hodgkin Lymphoma/HD, is one of the two types of Lymphoma.

In people suffering from Hodgkin's lymphoma, these white blood cells grow on the abnormal basis, more than they are required by the body, spreading out to the lymphatic system. As the condition worsens, the body becomes less capable of fighting infections.

People within the age bracket of 20-40 years have a greater vulnerability towards Hodgkin's lymphoma, although people above 55 are also a target.

Types of Lymphoma

Hodgkin's lymphoma can be classified as either the classic Hodgkin’s disease or nodular lymphocytic predominant Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NLPHL). The type of HD is based on the types of cells involved in your condition and their behaviour.

1. Hodgkin's Lymphoma:

  • Hodgkin lymphoma occurs due to the presence of Reed-Sternberg cells. These cells are nothing but mature B cells that have progressed towards becoming invasive or malignant and are large in size.
  • Hodgkin lymphomas develop commonly in the upper part of the body like the neck, chest, or the underarms.
  • Hodgkin lymphoma progressed in a very orderly manner, attacks one group of lymph nodes moving to next and is usually diagnosed in the earlier stages.

2. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma:

  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma gets its cause from B cells or T cells that develop in the lymph nodes along with other organs.
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma can develop in lymph nodes present through the body as well as normal organs.
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is diagnosed at later stages of cancer.

What Causes Lymphoma?

The exact cause of Lymphoma cannot be targeted. However, abnormal cell growth due to mutations in the DNA, present in the cell cause damage leading to cancer cell growth. Because the lymphatic system is present throughout the body, it spreads out easily from the original location to other tissues. There are some risk factors which can trigger the cause for Lymphoma, they are:

  • Age: Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma commonly targets people above 60 years of age, while Hodgkin's lymphoma commonly targets people between 20-40, and people over 55.
  • Sex: Slightly common in men
  • Ethnicity
  • Exposure to chemicals and radiation: This may include the harmful nuclear radiation or carcinogenic chemical exposure such are DDT.
  • HIV Infection: This infection weakens the immune system of the body.
  • Hereditary: If a sibling has Lymphoma, your chance of getting a lymphoma may be high, and even higher for a twin sibling having one.
  • Body weight/diet: Obese people are more at risk
  • Autoimmune Disease: Your immune system attacks your body's own cells.
  • Breast Implants: anaplastic large cell lymphoma can develop in the breast tissue.

Hodgkin's Lymphoma Symptoms

The most common Hodgkin's lymphoma symptoms include the presence of a lump under the skin which is caused due to swelling of the lymph nodes. The lump may not be painful. Here are a few conditions that show the signs of Hodgkin's lymphoma:

  • Lymph on the site of the neck, under the armpit or under the groin.
  • Fatigue
  • Night Sweats
  • High fever
  • Itchiness in skin
  • Drastic weight loss
  • A persistent Cough
  • Breathing problems
  • Chest pain
  • High sensitivity post consumption of alcohol.

Hodgkin's Lymphoma Treatment

How a patient undergoes the Hodgkin's Lymphoma Treatment depends on the adversity of lymphoma and govern the Lymphoma treatment. The factors include age, lymphoma stage, size of cancer, and the body part where it has attacked. Here are the commonly practised methods for  Hodgkin's Lymphoma Treatment

1. Biologic Therapy:

You are prescribed a drug treatment that puts in order the immune system which will be stimulated enough to fight the cancer cells in the body. 

2. Antibody Therapy:

Synthetic antibodies discharged into your bloodstream so that the cancer antigens are flushed away. 

3. Chemotherapy:

This Hodgkin's Lymphoma Treatment involves administering aggressive drug and chemicals are given orally or are injected to destroy the lymphoma cells.

4. Radio-immunotherapy:

High impact radioactive dosage is given on the B-cells and T-cells, ultimately destroying them. 

5. Radiation Therapy:

In this Hodgkin's Lymphoma Treatment, a high beam of rays such as X-rays and protons are used to target the lymphoma cancerous cells, and focuses on smaller areas of cancer.

6. Surgery:

The surgery involves the removal of spleen or body organs where the lymphoma can be accessed.

Lymphoma Cancer Treatment

Lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is made up of a series of organs and vessels that carry lymph, a fluid that is made up of white blood cells, proteins, and other materials. Lymphoma is a type of cancer that starts in the cells that make up the lymphatic system.

This system is responsible for the body's defense against diseases and infections. Lymphoma can affect the lymph nodes, spleen, or other parts of the body. For example, it may cause swelling in the legs. Some people may experience painless lymph nodes that don't hurt when touched, but instead, feel hard and swollen.

In order to diagnose lymphoma, doctors will usually run a series of tests to see if the cancer is aggressive or not. It is important to get treatment early because it can help prevent cancer from spreading throughout the body. Doctors will usually use chemotherapy, radiation, and/or surgery to treat lymphoma.

Hodgkin's Lymphoma Treatment Options

Hodgkin's lymphoma treatment options in India are innumerable. The medical expertise of one of the finest cancer specialists teamed with medical facilities and cost-effective treatment in India, make Hodgkin's lymphoma treatment in India a very viable option.

Is lymphoma fatal?

Many people think that lymphoma is fatal cancer and can't be cured. However, it is possible to beat lymphoma with proper treatment. Lymphoma is a cancer of the lymph nodes, which are the organs that produce antibodies. With proper treatment, lymphoma can be cured.

Lymphoma is a type of cancer that starts in the lymph nodes, which are the organs that filter fluid from your blood. Lymphoma can spread to other parts of the body, but it is not usually fatal. Lymphoma is different from leukemia, which is cancer that starts in the bone marrow.

Lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system, a group of vessels that help your body fight infections and help your body fight diseases. This cancer is not fatal, but it can be life-threatening if it spreads to other parts of the body. Lymphoma is typically treated with chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or both.

Hodgkin's lymphoma FAQs

Can lymphoma be cured?

Lymphoma can occur in any part of the body, but it is most common in the lymph nodes and bone marrow. It can be cured by removing the lymph nodes and bone marrow through surgery or by using chemotherapy. Lymphoma is curable, but it can take a long time to get better.
There are treatments for lymphoma, but they are not 100% effective. The only cure for lymphoma is a full body transplant, which is very expensive and not an option for most people. It's important to keep up with your treatment and talk to your doctor about any changes you notice in your symptoms.
Lymphoma is a type of cancer that is caused by the immune system attacking the body. In most cases, lymphoma can be cured with chemotherapy and radiation therapy. However, some patients with advanced lymphoma may not be able to be cured with these treatments. For example, if a patient's lymphoma is in their bone marrow, it will be difficult to remove all of the cancer cells from their body. Lymphoma can be treated with immunotherapy, which is a type of treatment that helps your immune system fight cancer cells.

What tests are required for lymphoma?

Lymphoma is a type of cancer that starts in the lymph nodes, which are part of the body's immune system. There are several types of lymphoma, including Hodgkin's lymphoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and follicular lymphoma. It is important to know what tests are required for a diagnosis of lymphoma because some tests can detect the presence of cancer while others can determine how advanced the cancer is. Depending on the type of lymphoma, some tests may be necessary more often than others.
Lymph nodes are small organs that filter the blood and help fight infection. There are several types of lymphoma, each with different symptoms and treatments. Lymphoma is treated with chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or both.
The most common tests that are done for lymphoma are a chest x-ray, a complete blood count, and an electrocardiogram. You may also be asked to have a CT scan, chest x-ray, and bone marrow biopsy.

What are the side effects of Hodgkin lymphoma?

Hodgkin lymphoma is cancer that affects the immune system. It usually starts in the lymph nodes of the neck and under the arms, but it can spread to other parts of the body. This type of cancer is difficult to treat because it has a tendency to spread quickly and it is hard to get rid of all the cancer cells. The side effects of Hodgkin lymphoma include fatigue, fever, night sweats, weight loss, swollen lymph nodes, and cough. The most common symptom of Hodgkin lymphoma is fever, which is why it is important to seek medical attention if you experience this symptom.
The best way to prevent these side effects is to be aware of your body's reactions and to pay attention to any changes that you experience. If you have any other symptoms besides those listed above, such as a sore throat or swollen glands, contact your doctor immediately.

What are the side effects of Hodgkin lymphoma treatments?

There are many side effects of Hodgkin lymphoma treatments, and some of them can be very serious. Some side effects may include:
  • Fatigue,
  • Weight loss,
  • ever,
  • Swelling in the extremities,
  • Mouth sores,
  • Dry skin,
  • Hair loss,
  • Changes in taste.

Hodgkin lymphoma is a cancer that can be cured if it's caught early enough. The side effects of Hodgkin lymphoma treatments are often related to the type of treatment given. For example, people who have radiation therapy may experience a decreased appetite, nausea, vomiting, and hair loss. Chemotherapy treatments may cause weight loss, hair loss, and anemia. If you're currently undergoing treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma, it's important to know about the side effects so that you can make the best decisions for your body.

Is lymphoma dangerous?

Although lymphoma is life-threatening cancer, there are effective treatment options available. Your lymphatic system comprises a network of lymphatic veins and lymph nodes throughout your body.

Does lymphoma show up on a blood test?

Nevertheless, blood tests are not used in the lymphoma diagnostic process. A biopsy of an enlarged lymph node or any other affected location may be suggested by the attending physician if there is a suspicion that lymphoma may be the underlying cause of your symptoms.

Is lymphoma hereditary?

Some people get mutations in their DNA from a parent, making them more likely to get cancer. A history of Hodgkin lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, or CLL in your family seems to make you more likely to get lymphoma. Most gene changes that cause NHL happen during a person's life, not at birth.

Does swollen lymph nodes mean cancer?

Swelling of the lymph nodes is typically brought on by an infection brought on by bacteria or viruses. Cancer is a rare cause of enlarged lymph nodes. Your body's capacity to ward against infections is directly tied to the function of your lymph nodes, also called lymph glands.

Is lymphoma painful?

The most typical manifestation of Hodgkin lymphoma is an enlargement of the groin, armpit, or neck lymph nodes. In most cases, the swelling does not cause any discomfort; however, some individuals report that it does. The swelling results from an abnormally high number of afflicted lymphocytes, also known as white blood cells, accumulating in a lymph node.

Does lymphoma come back after recovery?

Since lymphoma can often recur even many years after treatment, you must attend all your follow-up appointments. Specific treatment-related side effects may stick around for a long time or might not even develop for years after you've completed your therapy.

How long does a lymphoma cancer patient live?

The overall relative survival percentage for those diagnosed with NHL at five years is 74%. However, it is essential to bear in mind that survival rates might vary greatly depending on the kind and stage of a patient's lymphoma.