Hip Dysplasia Surgery is done to treat Hip dysplasia describes a condition where the top portion of the thigh bone doesn't fit properly in the socket portion of the hip joint due to misalignment and incorrect shape. The condition is a fairly common condition in both adolescents and adults even with no history of hip related problems in childhood. Hip dysplasia treatment options include pacifying the pain via medications and physiotherapy. However, Hip dysplasia surgery serves as a long-term solution. Hip dysplasia can range from mild to severe in terms of the impacting one or both hips.
Common signs of hip dysplasia include a dysplastic hip socket causing extreme discomfort and pain beginning in late adolescence and gradually becoming even worse as time progresses. Because of the improper coverage of the femoral head, the excess load by the hip is distributed over a smaller surface which can cause joint cartilage to break down resulting in arthritis. Some common hip dysplasia symptoms include:
• Abnormal positioning or turning of the legs
• Lesser movement around the partially or fully dislocated hip.
• Shorter leg on the side of partially or fully dislocated a hip.
• A limp if one hip joint is affected or waddles if both hip joints are affected.
• Osteoarthritis due to lack of diagnosis.
• Muscle Fatigue
The Hip Dysplasia Surgery is carried out with the aim of keeping good contact between the femoral head and the acetabulum so as to reduce the excess load taken by the hip joint. There are mainly 4 types of Hip Dysplasia Surgery which are determined on a patient's case, age and severity of their Hip Dysplasia.
• Hip Arthroscopy: In this kind of Hip Dysplasia Surgery, before the socket is deepened, there is torn cartilage (labrum) that needs to be addressed. By placing a small camera into the body (arthroscopy), which is used to view the hip socket, minor repairs are made to the labrum. However, when this is the only surgery that is carried out, repeated tearing of the labrum may happen. As a result, this Hip Dysplasia Surgery i.e. hip arthroscopy is most effective when coupled with an osteotomy as outlined below
• Periacetabular Osteotomy of Ganz: Periacetabular (Ganz) osteotomies are the most common and effective method of Hip Dysplasia Treatment which helps the repositioning the hip socket. However, this Hip Dysplasia Surgery is only performed once the skeletal system is totally mature, after 15-16 years of age. The hip socket is first totally relieved and reset. To hold the socket in the correct place and with proper alignment, screws are used.
• Femoral Osteotomy: In rare cases of hip dysplasia, the femur has to be repositioned into the cup. This method of Hip Dysplasia Treatment is done via making the cut in bone, changing the rotation or angulation of the femur, and finally putting a plate and screws till the time the bone doesn't stick to its new position.
• Hip Replacement: Hip replacement is used as a Hip Dysplasia Surgery when all the above mentioned procedures fail to treat the Hip Dysplasia.