Sinus Surgery

Sinus Surgery

Sinus Surgery in India - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Sinusitis is an inflammation of the tissue of the sinuses which can get blocked by filling up with fluid. The blockage is caused by a cold or any kind of allergy.

What are the types of Sinusitis?

Sinusitis is involved in swelling of the nasal and producing mucus. There are different types of sinusitis based on the difference in its length.

  • Acute Sinusitis - This may last up to 4 weeks. It is the most common type of sinusitis.
  • Sub-acute Sinusitis - The symptoms of this can last more than acute sinusitis, between 4 to 12 weeks.
  • Chronic Sinusitis - In this type, symptoms may go and come back again, after 12 weeks. If this happens a more advanced treatment is required or in some cases even surgery.

What are Symptoms of Sinusitis?

Common sinusitis symptoms are:

  • Discolored discharge from the nose
  • Nasal swelling
  • A blocked nose which causes difficulty in breathing
  • Pain and swelling around the eyes, nose, and cheeks
  • No sense and smell capacity

Some other sinus symptoms are:

  • Headache
  • Ear pain
  • Aching in jaw and teeth
  • Cough
  • Fatigue
  • Bad breath
  • Fever
  • Toothache

What is Treatment for Sinusitis?

Sinusitis is common nowadays. It is better to prefer an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) specialist. They will ask you various questions to have a clear understanding of your case for better sinus treatment.

Simple sinusitis can be treated with:

  • Cold and allergy medicines
  • Nasal saline
  • Drinking fluids

If you do not get improvement in 10 days, your doctor may suggest:

  • Antibiotics
  • Intranasal sprays

Chronic sinusitis can be treated with:

  • Topical antihistamine sprays or pills
  • Leukotriene antagonists to reduce allergy and swelling
  • Cleaning nose with saline solutions that contain a mixture of medications.

What is Sinus Congestion treatment?

Sinus Congestions are caused by flu, cold or allergies. When you face such problems the membranes of your nasal passage become irritated and inflamed. You can use the following tips for sinus congestion treatment.

Home Remedies

When you have a stuffy nose, make sure to keep your nasal passages moist. If the membranes get dried you will face more irritation. Tips to keep nasal passages moist are:

  • Use a vaporizer
  • Take steams of hot water
  • Drink fluids which will help in thinning the mucus
  • Use nasal spray
  • Use a micro-current wave device
  • Place a wet and warm towel on your face
  • Keep your head elevated to breathe more comfortably
  • Avoid swimming pools as the water contains chlorine


The following medicines don't need prescription, still, take it by taking an expert opinion.

Decongestants - These medicines will help you in reducing the swelling in the nasal passage and will ease the sinus pressure. They come in the form of nasal sprays and pills.

Don't forget to use a decongestant for more than 3 days. It may result in high blood pressure.

Antihistamines - If you face any allergy issues because of which you are experiencing sinus pressure, take allergy medicines that have antihistamines to get relief from sneezing and sniffling.

Antihistamines are present in cold medicines or nighttime cold medicines for better sleep. So consult your doctor or a pharmacist before consuming it.

Menthol - Ointments having menthol or camphor can help you breathe better. Try to rub it on your chest as well as your upper lip which will open the airways.

Pain killers - Though it will not clear the congestion pain killers might help you ease the pain.

If the symptoms are severe and you do not get any results, you should make an appointment with the doctor. If the doctor suggests sinus surgery based on your condition, you must go for it.

What is Sinus Surgery?

Sinus surgery is a surgical procedure required when the sinuses get blocked resulting in the problem of breathing well. It has to be done when medications fail to solve the problem. You must not delay your sinus treatment.

What are the Reasons for Sinus Surgery?

A sinus treatment can be done with proper medication rather than surgery. But it may become important when sinus infections are persistent or recurrent. Sinus surgery may be performed for treating sinuses permanently. Sinus surgery is performed mainly to treat patients with chronic sinusitis.

The goal of surgery is to take away things which are blocking the pathways of the sinuses. This include:

  • Thin pieces of bone
  • Mucous membranes
  • Nasal polyps
  • Damaged tissue
  • Tumor in nasal or sinus passage

Other reasons for sinus surgery are sinusitis and nasal polyps.


It is the swelling in the nasal passages. The common symptoms are:

  • Pressure around the eyes and nose
  • Stuffy nose
  • Nasal drainage
  • Bad-tasting

Nasal polyps

Nasal polyps are swelling in the nasal lining. Common symptoms are:

  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Recurrent sinus infection
  • Snoring
  • Sleep apnea
  • Reduced smelling and tasting

What are the Types of Sinus Surgery?

The most common types of sinus surgery are:

1. Endoscopy -

This is the most common procedure for sinus treatment. This procedure includes the inserting of a thin and flexible instrument named endoscopy. It contains a small camera which sends back images after inserting them into the nose. The images help doctors to see where the sinuses are blocked. With the help of this, it gently removes scar tissue, polyps, and others.

Endoscopy is done without any cut to your skin which helps in the easy and fast recovery. The patient is given anesthesia to make the area numb. You can easily go back home after the procedure is done.

2. Balloon sinuplasty -

This is a more easy and new process. In this procedure, a thin tube is put in your nose which is attached by a small balloon on the other side. The doctors then guide the balloon and inflate the blocked area of your nose.

3. Caldwell-Luc operation -

This procedure is less common. The Caldwell-Luc operation focus on removing the growth of the sinus and improving the drainage of the sinus.

The surgery involves the cutting of the upper jaw, above the second molar teeth of the mouth.

What Happens Before Sinus Surgery?

Before the surgery takes place, your doctor will perform a screening. The doctor may prescribe you medicines to ensure that there is no infection, swelling, or any other kind of complications. During the procedure, you are not able to eat or drink anything. So it is suggested not to eat anything after midnight before the day of the surgery.

What Happens During Sinus Surgery?

The doctor may give local or general anesthesia to you for the procedure. The surgery may take time from 1 to 3 or sometimes more hours based on the type of surgery. After the surgery is completed, you will have to take a rest for a while to recover from anesthesia. You will be given a list of what to do and what not so that you can recover fast.

What Happens After Sinus Surgery?

In a few days, after the surgery is performed, you will be able to go back to your normal daily routine. But you may suffer with little stuffiness and crusting in the nose for some weeks after the surgery has taken place. You may need to change the gauze which is placed under the nose. Your doctor may also suggest you sleep with a little elevated head and drink different types of healthy fluids. You may be given antibiotics or painkillers.

You are also advised to make appointments regularly with your doctor to ensure speedy healing of the sinuses and to clean excess mucus or blood. You are also advised not to blow your nose while recovering from the surgery.

What are the Risks Involved During Sinus Surgery?

The risks involved in the sinus surgery may be rare. But depending on your sinus treatment you may face these risks:

1. Bleeding -

Bleeding can happen within 24 hours after the surgery. But, it may sometimes occur after some days or even weeks. If a clot is developed in the nasal passages known as septum, it has to be removed.

2. Intracranial complications -

The septum which is attached to the roof of the nose is a thin layer which may get damaged during the sinus surgery. But it is a very rare risk involved in the sinus surgery.

3. Damage to the eye -

As the part where the surgery is performed is very close to the eye, sometimes your eye might bleed. This usually happens when a thin layer of bone separating the sinus from the eye gets damaged. This is again rare and is usually identified and treated during the surgery.

4. Change in a person's voice -

Sinuses may affect your voice. You might face a little change of tone in your voice.

5. Losing taste buds and smell -

Though after the surgery your smelling capacity should improve it may get worse in some situations. Due to infection or swelling, you might face this problem.

6. Infection -

You may develop an infection in the same area because of the surgery. But this problem is only possible if you have long-term sinusitis.

7. Nasal issues -

In some rare cases, sinus surgery can take a different turn and produce a scar in the nasal tissue. If such a thing happens, you have to undergo another procedure to remove it.


Sinus surgery can be the best treatment for sinus, for people experiencing severe sinus problems. It must be the last option for the sinusitis-facing patient if medical treatment doesn't help. Although some people will get immediate results after surgery, some may take a little time.

Sinus Surgery FAQs

Will I need antibiotics for a sinus infection?

Sinus infection may cause by viruses, which cause the common cold. It is advisable not to take antibiotics in this situation as it may create unnecessary side effects.

What types of doctors treat chronic sinusitis?

General physicians and allergists can prescribe medicine for sinusitis. But if you have chronic sinusitis, you are advised to visit an ENT specialist.

How can sinusitis be treated?

Sinusitis can be treated by inhaling warm water steam, nasal sprays, or through medicines. However, if these processes don't work the last option is to perform sinus surgery.

What are some complementary therapies to treat sinusitis?

Acupuncture, acupressure and facial massages may be helpful to reduce sinusitis as well as pain and pressure. They will help you to relax and don't have any side effects.

What are some alternatives to surgery?

You will not be directly advised to opt for surgery. Doctors will try other treatments so that you may avoid surgery. Other alternatives are:
  • Antibiotics
  • Nasal saline sprays
  • Oral steroids
  • Allergy medicine

*note- I could not relate to this primary keyword ‘My sinus treatment experience’, so I have not used it.

Is there a cure for sinuses?

Chronic sinusitis & sinus headaches can occasionally be cured permanently, depending on the condition's underlying cause. If allergies cause your sinus, you can undergo allergy testing to determine the trigger and then make efforts to prevent it.

What are the benefits of olive oil for the sinuses?

Olive oil can keep your nose moist and hydrated and decrease nasal dryness. Using olive oil on a dry nose can eliminate crusts and relieve irritation and pain. Also, you can apply it with a dropper or soak a cotton ball in olive oil & then put a few drops in your nose.

How to inhale steam for the sinuses?

It's simple for individuals to do steam inhalation at home. Heat water put it into a big bowl, & lean over so your face is above it. Put a towel over your head and breathe through your nose. People shouldn't breathe over a hot kettle or pot of boiling water.

What is the herbal treatment for sinusitis?

Herbal treatment for sinusitis, cough, cold, and runny nose often includes turmeric. Using turmeric powder can reduce the severity of sinusitis brought on by allergic reactions. So, you can use it by adding a small amount of turmeric to some warm milk and sipping the resulting mixture.

Does allergic rhinitis cause dizziness?

Sinus and nasal congestion from allergies can cause dizziness or vertigo, a more severe form of dizziness. Once you figure out what's going on, you can treat it & feel like yourself again.

What are the Vitamins for the sinuses?

These are the most popular nutritional supplements sinusitis sufferers use, including vitamins C, A, E, and D.
If there is an illness in the body, doctors recommend consuming Vitamin C-rich foods like lemons, cauliflower, kale, and yellow pepper juice. There are two primary reasons one should consume 1000 mg of vitamin C daily.
Doctors prescribe vitamin A because it is rich in carotenoids, which can give the immune system the essential boost to fight against infectious agents like bacteria and viruses.
In addition to healing damaged cells, vitamin E promotes blood circulation to the sinuses.
Vitamin D can prevent the recurrence of sinusitis. Consequently, acquire some sunlight exposure to get suitable levels. Orally consuming vitamin D3 is an alternate choice for individuals.

How to clean the sinuses?

Sinus cleansing with nasal irrigation is a risk-free and straightforward process. It can alleviate symptoms associated with sinusitis, allergies, the common cold, and other upper respiratory diseases. If you wish to try nasal irrigation, you have several alternatives, including rinse bottles, Neti pots, and pre-filled containers.