Enlarged Prostate Surgery

Enlarged Prostate Surgery

Enlarged Prostate Surgery in India | Symptoms and Causes

The prostate is a small and a muscular gland present in the male reproductive system, with size and shape similar to that of a walnut, which surrounds the urethra present between the pubic bone and the rectum, below the bladder. There is a medical condition in the male reproductive system which causes the prostate to get enlarged. The condition of the prostate is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Benign prostatic hyperplasia happens when the normal cells present in the prostate gland grow at a rapid rate and multiply. Due to the accumulation of these cells, the prostate gland begins to swell, which causes the urethra to squeeze and you begin to have difficulty in passing urine. One must not confuse benign prostatic hyperplasia with prostate cancer. BPH also has not been found to increase the risk of cancer. But the benign prostatic hyperplasia gives rise to symptoms which affect the quality of your life. Benign prostatic hyperplasia most commonly occurs in men older than 50 years of age.

Symptoms of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

There can be several symptoms of having an enlarged prostate, which may vary from mild to severe, However, if not treated on time, the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia usually go severe and become worse over time.

Common signs and symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia are:

  • Need to urinate frequently and urgently
  • Nocturia: increased frequency of urination at night
  • Difficulty in passing urine 
  • Weak urinal stream due to squeezing of the urethra
  • Dribbling during the end of urination
  • Not being able to empty the bladder properly

Less common signs and symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia include:

  • Infection in the urinary tract
  • Not being to urinate at all
  • Presence of blood in the urine stream

Having a bigger enlarged prostate doesn't always indicate having severe symptoms related to benign prostatic hyperplasia. Some men with big enlarged prostate ay face only mild BPH symptoms while men with an only slightly enlarged prostate may face much severe and significant BPH symptoms.

Our Doctors

CureIndia helps you choose the right doctor for your medical treatment. Most of the doctors in our associated hospitals have been internationally trained and are active members of many international medical councils and associations. Let's hear from some of the most reputed doctor's for Enlarged Prostate Surgery in India.

1) Dr. Gautam Banga


2) Dr. Vishal Dutt Gour


3) Dr. Vineet Malhotra


4) Dr. Vijayant Govinda Gupta


Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) causes

BPH is considered as a normal body outcome due to gradual ageing in the mean. Men above 75 years of age are more vulnerable to face BPH symptoms. The exact causes of benign prostatic hyperplasia or enlarged prostate are still not unknown, however, one or more of the following risk factors can be responsible in the enlargement of the prostate. They are:

1. Ageing

Men younger than the age of 40 rarely face signs and symptoms related to prostate gland enlargement. By the age of 60, about 1/3rd of men face moderate to severe symptoms of an enlarged prostate and by 80, almost 50% of the men do.

2. Family History

Having someone in the immediate relation especially, especially in blood relation who has or has had history of prostate problems also increases your risk of having benign prostatic hyperplasia.

3. Diabetes and Heart Disease

Men, specially on the older side having diabetes, as well as heart disease also carry an increased risk of BPH.

4. Lifestyle

Obesity is believed to a huge factor is increasing the risk of getting  benign prostatic hyperplasia, while exercising decreases the risk.

Enlarged Prostate Laser Surgery/BPH Surgery

Most doctors today resort to prostate laser surgery to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia/ enlarged prostate. The doctor begins by inserting a scope via the tip of the penis into the urethra, which is a tube responsible for carrying urine from the bladder. The doctor then passes the laser light through this inserted scope. This laser beam is intense enough to shrink the size of the prostate by removing excess tissue that is hindering the urine flow. Lasers use intense beams of light which then produce concentrated and precise heat used to target the affected area.

There are many types of prostate laser surgery, which include:

1. Photoselective Vaporization of the Prostate

This type of laser light vaporizes the excess tissues present in the prostate, thereby making way for the urine to pass normally. 

2. Holmium laser ablation of the prostate

This type of laser cuts and removes the extra prostate tissue which reduces the size of the urethra channel and blocks it.

After this, the doctor uses another instrument which cuts the excess prostate tissue into small pieces, which are easier to remove. This option of prostate laser surgery is best suited for men  having a severely enlarged prostate.

Advantages of Enlarged Prostate Laser Surgery

With certain advancements in the field of medicines, new techniques are adopted everyday which make many treatments less invasive and less complicated than the conventionally adopted and invasive surgical procedures to treat several health conditions.Getting an enlarged prostate laser surgery in India is a great decision in terms of quality of medical treatment, weather, and cost effectiveness.

Here are the advantages of enlarged prostate surgery:

1. Lower Risk of Bleeding

The enlarged prostate surgery is suited to men who have bleeding disorders and take medication to thin their blood.

2. Small Procedure

The enlarged prostate surgery is an outpatient procedure where the patient can be discharged the same day.

3. Quicker Recovery

Since the procedure is minimally invasive and doesn't require any cuts and incisions, the recovery time is much lesser than the recovery time in open surgery.

4. Less Need for a Catheter

In invasive surgeries to treat an enlarged prostate, the doctor may require a catheter, so the urine is drained from the bladder. Whereas in enlarged prostate surgery, the catheter is required for less than a day.

5. Better Results in a Shorter Time:

After the enlarged prostate surgery, you may immediately start seeing improvements in urinary symptoms.

What's the quickest technique to decrease bloated prostatitis?

Initial signs of BPH should be discussed with your doctor so that they can assess the seriousness of your illness and provide appropriate Prostate treatment options.. 5-alpha reductase may be prescribed to treat BPH by your physician. This class of 5-alpha reductase inhibitors is often recommended for both BPH and hair loss, which is interesting since they cure both conditions. Propecia and Proscar both include finasteride, whereas dutasteride is found in Propecia.

What are some of the potential complications?

Prostate enlargement is not a life-threatening condition for the vast majority of men who have it. All individuals do not universally experience worsening urination symptoms. The following are examples of problems that might arise:

Placing a catheter to empty the bladder may be very painful and inconvenient. It is possible to have a complete blockage of the urinary tract that prevents you from passing pee. This condition is known as urinary retention. Less than one hundred men with an enlarged prostate will have this complication yearly.

When you urinate, part of the pee in your bladder is flushed out. A small amount of pee is always present in the bladder. Chronic retention is the medical term for this ailment. Urinary infections or incontinence may result as a result of this recurrence.

Factors That Might Put You at Risk for Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer has been related to several risk factors. Something that raises your chances of becoming sick is referred to as a risk factor. Even if you have one or more risk factors, you are still not certain about getting prostate cancer. Just that your chances of contracting the illness have increased.

1. Age

Prostate cancer is more common in men over 50.

2. Race

Prostate cancer strikes African-American men earlier in life and progresses more rapidly than it does in other men. Aside from African-Americans, white and Hispanic men are the second and third most prevalent groups to be diagnosed with prostate cancer, respectively. Prostate cancer is less common in Asian-American males.

3. Diet

Men who consume a lot of fat may have an increased risk of prostate cancer.

4. A history of the family

A family history of prostate cancer raises a man's chance of developing the illness by two or three times. Having three close male relatives diagnosed with prostate cancer increases a man's risk of the disease by a factor of ten. Younger members of a man's family are at increased risk of having prostate cancer.

Enlarged Prostate FAQs

Can an enlarged prostate be cured?

Because there is no cure for BPH, the therapy aims to alleviate the symptoms as much as possible. The severity of the symptoms, the level of distress they cause the patient, and the presence of complications are all considered when determining the best course of action. Highly severe therapy should be used for more irritating conditions.

What can a urologist do to treat an enlarged prostate?

To get to the prostate, a urologist will use a resectoscope inserted into the urethra, and a wire loop will be used to cut away the swollen tissue using a surgical knife. A special fluid transports tissue fragments into the bladder, where the urologist removes them.

Is there anything you should avoid if you have a huge prostate?

Drinks that cause you to urinate more often should be avoided. There are a variety of caffeine-rich beverages, including coffee, black tea, tea, and sodas. These may cause dehydration. Drinking alcohol may also dehydrate you.

What foods may help shrink the size of one's prostate?

Men with lower levels of BPH, fewer symptoms, and a lower risk of deteriorating BPH were discovered to have diets rich in fruits and vegetables, particularly dark leafy greens and tomatoes.

Is an enlarged prostate dangerous?

If you are thinking, “Is an enlarged prostate dangerous?, Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), generally known as an enlarged prostate, is a common disorder in older men that includes non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland. Although this ailment is not thought to be life-threatening if left untreated, it can lead to serious pain and consequences. A person's quality of life may be negatively impacted by BPH symptoms, including frequent urination, poor urine flow, and trouble emptying the bladder. However, if BPH is not treated, it can result in more severe side effects, including kidney damage and urinary tract infections. It's critical for those suffering symptoms of an enlarged prostate to consult a doctor as soon as possible. Treatment options might include everything from medicine to surgery, depending on how serious the condition is.

How to treat enlarged prostate in young people?

Although elderly men are more likely to have enlarged prostates, BPH may also affect young individuals. Young patients with enlarged prostates are often treated conservatively, which may entail modifying one's lifestyle by abstaining from caffeine and alcohol and upping one's degree of physical activity. Alpha-blockers and 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors may occasionally be used to treat symptoms and reduce prostate size. Surgery is often used for treating enlarged prostate in young people after other therapies have failed or problems have developed.

How does prostate enlargement affect erections?

Male sexual health includes two factors that are intimately related to each other: Prostate enlargement and erection. The prostate gland is a key organ for sperm generation and ejaculation and is situated just underneath the bladder. Age-related hormonal changes in the body can cause the prostate to expand in males, which can cause unpleasant symptoms, including increased frequency and frequency of urine as well as decreased erectile performance. An enlarged prostate can alter penile blood flow by exerting pressure on the nearby tissues that feed blood to the penis, even though it is unrelated to the erection itself. Erections may become weaker or take longer as a result. Depending on the severity of the symptoms and the specific needs of the patient, there are many different treatments for an enlarged prostate, from medication to surgery.