A kidney stone is a urologic disorder which is a very painful condition, and which is frequently diagnosed among humans. Kidney stones is a disorder of the urinary tract which occurs commonly. Each year, on an average of 3 million people are diagnosed with kidney stone problems.
Usually, the kidney stones are composed of calcium oxalate and may also consist of several other compounds. Kidney stones may grow up to as big as the size of a golf ball and may also possess a sharp, crystalline structure. In some cases, the stones may not cause a problem as they can be small and can pass through the urinary tract. In other cases where the kidney stones are big, they may cause severe pain while leaving the body.
A kidney stone may not show any symptoms at all until it moves around the kidney or passes into the ureter. After that the symptoms of kidney stones start showing up which commonly include:
If you notice any of the following symptoms of kidney stones in women, you may have a kidney stone:
You must be able to prove the passage of a stone via a filter or an x-ray after being diagnosed with a blockage. Painless does not always mean the stone has been passed.
Your doctor will review your medical history with you and may suggest certain testing. Included in these tests are:
Your physician may prescribe a filter if you have a history of kidney stones. Your physician will next investigate the composition of the stones to determine what is generating your kidney stones plus how you would avoid future episodes of them.
Kidney stones often do not have a single or defined cause, but several factors may increase the risk of getting a kidney stone. Kidney stones are formed if your urine consists of more crystal-forming substances like calcium, oxalate and uric acid. The fluid present in the urine is not able to dilute these heavy substances. The urine may also lack substances which prevent the sticking together of these crystals. Thus, these conditions make it ideal for the formation of kidney stones.
You need to be aware of the factors that led to the formation of your prior kidney stones to improve your ability to avoid developing new ones. The sort of kidney stone you experienced may help you adjust your diet, nutrition, and eating habits to avoid future kidney stones.
The act of taking in liquids
Drinking adequate water daily is the greatest approach to avoiding most forms of kidney stones. Hydration is essential for flushing out minerals that may precipitate into kidney stones. Even while water is the best option, some evidence is that drinking other beverages, such as citrus-based beverages, may also aid in preventing kidney stones. According to some research, citrate, which is found in citrus beverages like lemon juice and orange juice, may protect against kidney stones.
If you have ever suffered from kidney stones, a medical expert may also recommend that you take medication to avoid developing more kidney stones. You may be required to take the medication after a few weeks, some months, or even for a longer period, but this is contingent on the sort of kidney stone that you had as well as the medication that the medical expert recommends.
There are several risk factors which may increase the chance of developing kidney stones are:
Knowing the type of kidney stone may help in determining its cause and may give a fair idea on reducing the risk of getting more kidney stones in the future. The different types of kidney stones include:
Most kidney stones are made of calcium or more usually calcium oxalate. Oxalate is a substance that occurs naturally in food and is also synthesized by your liver.
Struvite stones are formed as a response to a urinary tract infection. Struvite stone grows at a fast speed and can expand over time.
Uric acid stones:
Uric acid stones are most commonly formed in people who have a lesser intake of fluids or who may lose too much fluid.
Cystine stones are formed in people who possess a hereditary disorder in which the kidneys to excrete too much of certain amino acids.
There are several procedures for getting a kidney stone removed. While some treatments consist of giving medicines and other non-surgical treatments for the removal of the smaller size of the kidney stones, larger kidney stones may need a surgery to be completely removed so that they do not cause any more problems. The different types of kidney stone surgery procedures are:
In this kind of kidney stone surgery, an X-ray or ultrasound is used to locate the stone in the kidney. After locating the stone's exact location, high-energy shock waves are aimed at the kidney externally which go through the skin and the stone breaks up into small pieces.
Ureteroscopy is used to treat stones present in the kidneys as well as ureters. A thin, flexible scope is used to locate and remove stones. It is a minimally invasive procedure and no incisions. However, the doctor injects anaesthesia and you may sleep through the procedure.
Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy or Percutaneous Nephrolithotripsy (PCNL):
Sometimes lithotripsy is not able to break a stone if it is really big. Therefore, PCNL surgery is chosen as the best procedure for such cases. In PCNL, the doctor uses a small tube which reaches the stone and breaks it with high-frequency sound waves.
PCNL surgery can be done in two ways:
The doctor will use a tube to remove the stone
The doctor will use sound waves or a laser so that the stone fragments into smaller pieces and later a suction machine is used to vacuum up the pieces.
The length of time it may take to evacuate a kidney stone is very variable and is directly proportional to the thickness of the stone. Small stones may usually be passed via the urinary tract within one to two weeks, often without the need for any therapy.
In contrast, bigger stones may take as much as two to three weeks to pass from the kidneys into the bladder. Most stones that don't dissolve on their own after four weeks need to be treated by your doctor.
India has not only the largest but one of the most experienced doctors for kidney stone surgery in India. The staff with excellent medical expertise, healthcare facilities and cost-effective procedure makes India a good choice for kidney stone surgery.
Stones in youngsters as early as five years old have been detected. It's a widespread condition among youngsters that several hospitals have kidney stone clinics for them. An increasing number of variables, including eating choices, have been linked to the rise in obesity. Insufficient hydration and a diet heavy in salt are the two most common causes.
Snacks and fries should be consumed in moderation by children. Foods that contain a lot of salt include sandwich meat and canned soups, as well as ready-to-eat meals and sports beverages. If they include corn syrup, soda, and other sweetened drinks may also raise the likelihood of developing kidney stones.
Stones in the kidneys, which may spread to the rest of your urinary system, are hard deposits made up of salt and mineral salts. In addition to discomfort, difficulty urinating, hazy or smelling urine, nausea, and vomiting caused by stones, there are other symptoms.
Some stones can be moved by themselves. Others need medical intervention in the form of surgery or therapy with sound waves to be broken up or removed. Do not wait until your symptoms worsen to seek medical attention if you suspect you have kidney disease. Treatment for kidney stones should be sought as soon as possible to minimize the risk of consequences.
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