Most people have a strong desire to conceive a child at some point in their life. Approximately 85 per cent of the couples achieve pregnancy within one year of trying. Additionally, 7% per cent of the remaining conceives within the second year of trying and the rest seek for female infertility treatment. As a result, infertility is defined as the inability to conceive within 12 months.
If you and your partner are seeking help for infertility from your doctor, he may suggest a technique called “In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)”.
IVF is a type of assistive reproductive technology (ART) or female infertility treatment in which the egg is combined with the sperm outside the human body, in vitro. The fertilized egg is called is known as an embryo. The embryo is then frozen for storage and later transferred to the woman’s uterus.
Depending upon the situation, IVF can use:
For the women who are not able to conceive through regular unprotected intercourse or after 12 cycles of artificial insemination, female infertility treatment like IVF is ideal for them.
IVF treatment is needed in infertile couples in cases of:
There are five steps to female infertility treatment by IVF:
• Ovarian Stimulation: The first step is called stimulation, also called super ovulation where medicines are given to the woman to boost egg production. Usually, only one egg is produced per month but these medicines boost the production of eggs and multiple eggs are released. The women undergo transvaginal ultrasounds to examine the ovaries and blood tests are done to keep a check on the hormonal levels.
• Egg retrieval- A minor surgery is carried out to extract the eggs from the woman's body. If the woman is not able to produce eggs, then the donated eggs are used for further procedure.
• Insemination: The third step comprises of insemination and fertilization. The sperm and best quality eggs are placed together and this procedure is called insemination in an environmentally controlled chamber. The sperm generally fertilizes with the eggs after a few hours of insemination. In some cases, if the doctor feels that the chances of fertilization are less, the sperm is directly injected into the egg. This is called Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI).
• Embryo Culture- When the egg fertilizes, it becomes an embryo. The embryo is examined in the laboratory to make sure if it’s growing properly. If any abnormality is seen in the embryo, that may cause disorder in the child, laboratory scientists remove the single cell that is responsible for the disorder.
• Embryo Transfer: The fifth and the last step is embryo transfer. The embryo is placed into the woman’s womb 3 to 5 days after egg retrieval and fertilization. A thin tube (catheter) containing the embryo into the woman’s vagina through the cervix, up into the womb.
1)Stimulating ovulation with fertility drugs
2)IVF (In-vitro Fertilization)
IVF is one of the more widely used ART techniques with the highest success rates. A combination of medicines and surgical procedures are used to fertilise the egg with the sperm. Later, the fertilized egg is implanted in the uterus for conception.
The results of IVF are positive in the first attempt only but in some cases, the patient is not able to conceive. In such cases, the IVF cycle is repeated.
3)Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
IUI is a fertility treatment which is carried out to increase the chances of conception. The most common reason for IUI is low sperm count or decreased sperm mobility. As it involves the placement of sperm directly inside a woman’s uterus, the chances of conception are high. However, IUI may be selected for the treatment of the following conditions as well:
A hostile cervical condition, including cervical mucus problems. Cervical scar tissue from past procedures which may hinder the sperms’ ability to enter the uterus
• Ejaculation dysfunction
• Unexplained infertility
4)Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)
ICSI is quite similar to the traditional IVF procedure that involves the collection of gametes from each partner. The only difference between both is the method of achieving fertilization. In ICSI, a single sperm is picked up with a fine glass needle under the microscope and is directly injected into the egg. By this method, the ability of the sperm to penetrate the egg is no longer important as this has been assisted by the ICSI technique.
5)IVF with donor eggs
6)IVF with donor sperm
1) Hormone treatments and medications
2) Treatments for sexual intercourse problems
3) ART (Assisted reproductive technology)- ART treatments involve obtaining the sperm from the male and inserting it into the female genital tract. It is also used to perform IVF or ICSI.
4) TESA (Testicular sperm aspiration)- In TESA, a needle is inserted in the testicle and tissue/sperm are aspirated. This procedure is done under local anaesthesia.
5) mTESE ( MicroSurgical Testicular Sperm Extraction) - Microsurgical testicular sperm extraction (microTESE) is a surgical procedure used to retrieve sperm from the seminiferous tubules of a male’s testes. It’s used for men with non-obstructive azoospermia, which is when a man cannot produce enough sperm to have a detectable amount in his semen — a common cause of male infertility.
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have been internationally trained and are active members of many international medical councils and associations.
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• 1.9 per cent for women aged over 44 years
• 5 per cent of women aged 43 to 44
• 13.6 per cent for women aged 40 to 42 years
• 20.8 per cent for women aged between 38 to 39 years
• 27.7 per cent for women aged between 35 to 37 years
• 32.2 per cent for women aged under 35 years
These statistics vary depending upon where IVF procedure is done.
Apart from age, the likelihood of success depends on factors including:
• Embryo Quality: Embryos with genetic or chromosomal problems are extremely weak and they do not work for this treatment
• Implantation problems: In many cases when IVF fails, the reason is poor implantation. It is because the growth of embryo stops if the eggs are transferred carelessly. Implantation problems are faced by 50 per cent of patients
• Patient’s age: with increasing age such as above 40, success rates decrease widely in IVF.
• Ovarian Response: In a few cases, ovaries do not respond well to IVF medications. As in the case of a female who cannot produce multiple eggs in response to IVF injections.
If you are planning to have a baby through IVF then, IVF Predict provides an online calculator to give you some idea about how likely IVF is to be successful.
Some women may have reactions to the medications that are given during treatment. The possible side effects of IVF drugs include:
Whether the conception is natural or through IVF, the leading cause of loss of the pregnancy is an abnormal number of chromosomes also known as chromosomal aneuploidy.
There is a higher chance of having twins and triplets or more babies when more than one embryo is transferred into the mother’s womb.
Pregnancies with more than one fetus can result in:
• a significant increase in the mother's blood pressure
• low birth weight or preterm birth
• double the mother's risk of developing diabetes
There isn’t any difference between the test tube baby and IVF. IVF helps people with fertility problems to have a baby. The father’s sperms and mother’s egg are fertilized in a test tube clinically by an expert, therefore the baby conceived is called test-tube baby.
“It always seems impossible until it's done”
CureIndia is the most trusted platform in India for treatments related to male and female infertility. We are associated with top infertility specialists who are internationally trained and widely experienced. We have been working with pioneering infertility clinics equipped with state of the art labs and medical infrastructure. We are proud to maintain excellent success rates for IVF and other fertility-related procedures for International patients all over the world.
Due to the availability of skilled and experienced doctors, India is now gaining popularity for infertility treatments. As compared to other countries, the cost of IVF in India is comparatively low. For most patients, IVF is the most effective treatment for infertility, but it is very much underutilized. Choose IVF treatment in India through CureIndia as then otherwise costly procedure will prove to be quite affordable, for you with the success rate of 40 to 45 per cent (depends on the condition of the individual). We can arrange a free consultation for you with top doctors from our connected hospitals.
Apart from providing the best female infertility treatment to the patients who are coming miles for having a baby with us, we provide complementary services like: