Most people have a strong desire to conceive a child at some point in their life. Approximately 85 per cent of the couples achieve pregnancy within one year of trying. Additionally, 7% per cent of the remaining conceives within the second year of trying and the rest seek for female infertility treatment. As a result, infertility is defined as the inability to conceive within 12 months.
If you and your partner are seeking help for infertility from your doctor, he may suggest a technique called “In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)”.
IVF is a type of assistive reproductive technology (ART) or female infertility treatment in which the egg is combined with the sperm outside the human body, in vitro. The fertilized egg is called is known as an embryo. The embryo is then frozen for storage and later transferred to the woman’s uterus.
We have had patients from all over African nations like Cameroon, Kenya, Uganda, Cote d'ivoire, Eritrea, Congo, Guinea and others.
1) Ovarian Stimulation
The first step is called stimulation, also called super ovulation where medical are given to the woman to boost egg production. Usually, only one egg is produced per month but these medical boost the production of eggs and multiple eggs are released. The women undergo transvaginal ultrasounds to examine the ovaries and blood tests are done to keep a check on the hormonal levels.
2) Egg Retrieval
A minor surgery is carried out to extract the eggs from the woman's body. If the woman is not able to produce eggs, then the donated eggs are used for further procedure.
The third step comprises of insemination and fertilization. The sperm and best quality eggs are placed together and this procedure is called insemination in an environmentally controlled chamber. The sperm generally fertilizes with the eggs after a few hours of insemination. In some cases, if the doctor feels that the chances of fertilization are less, the sperm is directly injected into the egg. This is called Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI).
4) Embryo Culture
When the egg fertilizes, it becomes an embryo. The embryo is examined in the laboratory to make sure if it’s growing properly. If any abnormality is seen in the embryo, that may cause disorder in the child, laboratory scientists remove the single cell that is responsible for the disorder.
5) Embryo Transfer
The fifth and the last step is embryo transfer. The embryo is placed into the woman’s womb 3 to 5 days after egg retrieval and fertilization. A thin tube (catheter) containing the embryo into the woman’s vagina through the cervix, up into the womb.
CureIndia helps you choose the right doctor for your medical treatment. Most of the doctors in our associated hospitals have been internationally trained and are active members of many international medical councils and associations. Let's hear from some of the most reputed doctor's for In Vitro Fertilization in India in India.
CureIndia is the most trusted platform in India for treatments related to male and female infertility. We are associated with top infertility specialists who are internationally trained and widely experienced. We have been working with pioneering infertility clinics equipped with state of the art labs and medical infrastructure. We are proud to maintain excellent success rates for IVF and other fertility-related procedures for International patients all over the world.
|Procedure||Cost in India|
|IVF + ICSI||3500 USD - 4000 USD|
|IVF + ICSI +TESA||4000-4500 USD|
|IVF ICSI + Micro TESE||4500-5000 USD|
|IVF + Donor Eggs||5500 USD|
For the women who are not able to conceive through regular unprotected intercourse or after 12 cycles of artificial insemination, female infertility treatment like IVF is ideal for them.
Depending upon the situation, IVF can use one of the following combinations to give you a successful pregnancy:
IVF treatment is needed in infertile couples in cases of:
1) IVF (in vitro fertilization)
IVF is one of the more widely used ART techniques with the highest success rates. A combination of medical and surgical procedures are used to fertilise the egg with the sperm. Later, the fertilized egg is implanted in the uterus for conception.
The results of in vitro fertilization in India are positive in the first attempt only but in some cases, the patient is not able to conceive. In such cases, the IVF cycle is repeated.
2) Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
IUI is a fertility treatment which is carried out to increase the chances of conception. The most common reason for IUI is low sperm count or decreased sperm mobility. As it involves the placement of sperm directly inside a woman’s uterus, the chances of conception are high. However, IUI may be selected for the treatment of the following conditions as well:
A hostile cervical condition, including cervical mucus problems. Cervical scar tissue from past procedures which may hinder the sperms’ ability to enter the uterus
3) Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
ICSI is quite similar to the traditional IVF procedure that involves the collection of gametes from each partner. The only difference between both is the method of achieving fertilization. In ICSI, a single sperm is picked up with a fine glass needle under the microscope and is directly injected into the egg. By this method, the ability of the sperm to penetrate the egg is no longer important as this has been assisted by the ICSI technique.
4) In Vitro Fertilization with donor eggs
In case the age of the female partner is more because of which eggs are not produced or the female has reached pre menopause, then one has to go for donor ages from a female. In such cases the donor eggs are fertilized with the husband’s sperm, which them becomes an embryo and transferred to a formerly prepared uterus.
5) Vitro Fertilization with donor sperm
In case the male partner is suffering from Azoospermia or what is known as zero sperm, and also advanced sperm extraction like TESA and M-TESE have failed. In all such cases the only option is to go for donor sperm. Sperm from a healthy donor is taken and used to impregnate the female directly via IUI technique if the age of the female is less, or else used for IVF+ICSI if the age of the female is more.
1) ART (Assisted reproductive technology)
ART treatments involve obtaining the sperm from the male and inserting it into the female genital tract. It is also used to perform IVF or ICSI.
2) TESA (Testicular sperm aspiration)
In TESA, a needle is inserted in the testicle and tissue/sperm are aspirated. This procedure is done under local anaesthesia. This procedure is useful for cases where there is very less sperm available in the male.
3) mTESE ( MicroSurgical Testicular Sperm Extraction)
Microsurgical testicular sperm extraction (microTESE) is a surgical procedure used to retrieve sperm from the seminiferous tubules of a male’s testes. It’s used for men with non-obstructive azoospermia, which is when a man cannot produce enough sperm to have a detectable amount in his semen — a common cause of male infertility.
IVF with Donor sperms
If no sperm can be extracted from the male using any of the procedures mentioned above, then the last resort is to use donor sperms. Healthy sperms are taken from a donor and is used to fertilize the eggs from the female partner in a controlled environment.
5) PICSI & Microfluidics
f the physiology or morphology of the sperms is poor, then we can use advanced sperm selection techniques like PICSI or Microfluidics.
Apart from age, the likelihood of success depends on factors including:
Embryos with genetic or chromosomal problems are extremely weak and they do not work for this treatment
In many cases when IVF fails, the reason is poor implantation. It is because the growth of embryo stops if the eggs are transferred carelessly. Implantation problems are faced by 50 per cent of patients
with increasing age such as above 40, success rates decrease widely in IVF.
In a few cases, ovaries do not respond well to IVF medications. As in the case of a female who cannot produce multiple eggs in response to IVF injections.
If you are planning to have a baby through IVF then, IVF Predict provides an online calculator to give you some idea about how likely IVF is to be successful.
Side Effects of Medication
Some women may have reactions to the medications that are given during treatment. The possible side effects of IVF medical include:
Whether the conception is natural or through IVF, the leading cause of loss of the pregnancy is an abnormal number of chromosomes also known as chromosomal aneuploidy.
There is a higher chance of having twins and triplets or more babies when more than one embryo is transferred into the mother’s womb.
Pregnancies with more than one fetus can result in:
There isn’t any difference between the test tube baby and IVF. IVF helps people with fertility problems to have a baby. The father’s sperms and mother’s egg are fertilized in a test tube clinically by an expert, therefore the baby conceived is called a test-tube baby.
Facts about In Vitro Fertilization
Apart from providing the best female infertility treatment to the patients who are coming miles for having a baby with us, we provide complementary services like: