Hip replacement surgery is a procedure in which a doctor surgically removes a painful hip joint with arthritis and replaces it with an artificial joint often made from metal and plastic components. Arthritis caused in the hip joint is because either the socket of the hip or the thighbone is injured or becomes diseased. This leads to heavy pain, difficulty in walking and trouble completing everyday tasks. Hip Replacement Surgery is often adopted when other methods of treatment to have failed and the pain still persists. Post your Hip Replacement Surgery, the pain at the hip joint is relieved, making your move smoother.
People between the age of 50 and 80 are the most common ones to get a Hip Replacement Surgery done. The Hip Replacement Surgery is usually carried out to treat arthritis caused at the hip joint.
Arthritis is a disorder that is responsible for breaks the cushion between the bones, known as Cartilage. Without cartilage, when the bones rub against each other, severe friction is caused leading to heavy pain between the joints.
A hip replacement may be used to mainly treat three types of arthritis:
Initially, doctors prescribe and resort to several methods to treat arthritis. This may include the use of walkers, physiotherapy, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen. If your arthritis does not respond to such medical measures, getting a hip replacement may seem the best solution. However, Hip replacement surgery can also be used to treat several other health conditions.
The replacement hip that would be planted in place of your old hip is made up of four components:
For joint prosthesis, you may be offered several options from your doctor:
• Most doctors go for and highly recommend un-cemented joint prosthesis. This procedure allows your bone to grow into the prosthesis over time. This kind of prosthesis may take longer than usual to stick to the bone and hence the recovery time is also longer.
• On the other hand, a cemented prosthesis is attached to the hip with bone cement for quick attachment. This is a better option for adults especially the older ones (who are not very active)as this is quicker.
• Muscle sparing hip replacement: This procedure is generally performed through anterior or posterior, which spares cuts through the muscles, thereby reducing pain and recovery time.
There mainly two types of Hip Replacement Procedure: Unilateral Hip Replacement and Bilateral Hip Replacement Surgery. They are illustrated below:
In the case of unilateral hip replacement, artificial parts are used in place of diseased hip joint parts of just one hip. This type of treatment is required at the last stage of degenerative hip disease.
In the case of highly diseased hips, the patient may need to get both his hips replaced. The Bilateral hip replacement is then performed which replaces both hips during a single surgery. Bilateral hip replacement is performed by one team doing one hip surgery after the other. The operation is done under a single anaesthetic and takes two to three hours
The various precautions that one must take before and after undergoing Hip Replacement Surgery are:
1) Indulge in mild physical activities like walking even if it’s for 10 to 20 minutes.
2) Lose extra body weight as this can hinder the healing procedure.
3) Abstain from smoking and drinking.
4) Take all the prescribed medications religiously.
5) Inform the doctor about current medication.
6) Avoid eating heavy meals a day before the surgery, as it can lead to nausea and vomiting.
1) Avoid putting unnecessary strain on the affected joint by lifting heavy objects
2) Do not indulge in rigorous physical activities
3) Avoid bending hip for any other reason
4) Abstain from indulging in sexual activities
5) Inform the doctor while experiencing any discomfort.
6) Do not perform any exercise without consulting a physiotherapist
7) Keep the wound sterilised and covered, to avoid exposure to infections.
After your Hip Replacement Surgery, you will be staying in the hospital for about 3-5 days. Full recovery from a hip joint replacement takes about three to six months. A cemented joint prosthesis has the longest recovery time. To ensure a smooth recovery post your Hip Replacement Surgery, you will need to:
• Have someone help you most of the times during the first few weeks
• Get regular therapy sessions.
• Make some changes at home, such as getting a raised toilet seat if you have a usually low toilet
• Have someone pick you and drop you to places so that you don't cause too much movement immediately post your Hip Replacement Surgery.
The risks and complications that arise due to Hip Replacement Surgery are not very serious. As a matter of fact, most complications arise when as a patient, you're not taken proper care of post your Hip Replacement Surgery. The risks of getting Hip Replacement Surgery are:
Hip Replacement Surgery cost may vary across the world. Where countries like USA, UK, Canada may provide surgeries at expensive costs, countries like India are more cost-effective and affordable for getting Knee Replacement Surgery with the same quality and brand. India is now a preferred medical destination for a lot of medical travellers for treatment of quite a few specialities like dental, orthopaedics, IVF etc.
CureIndia is a platform that bridges the gap between medical tourists seeking treatment in India and the state of the hospitals in India. It helps you choose the right doctor for your medical treatment. Most of the doctors in our associated hospitals have been internationally trained and are active members of many international medical councils and associations. Let's hear from some of the most reputed doctors for Hip Replacement Surgery in India.