Lasik Surgery

Lasik Surgery


LASIK Surgery in India - Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Femto Lasik surgery, which stands for laser in-situ keratomileusis, is a popular surgery used to correct vision in people who are nearsighted, farsighted, or have astigmatism. Epi-LASIK operation is now the newest form of refractive surgery. Epi-LASIK operation is a great alternative to the traditional LASIK operation eye surgery which has enabled thousands of patients to go without their glasses or contact lenses. 

Different Types of LASIK Surgery

Depending on your situation and preferences, you may want to look into having one of the following forms of laser eye surgery performed by a specialist eye surgeon:

LASIK - LASIK is the most frequent laser eye surgery in situ keratomileusis with laser. It entails utilizing an excimer laser to ablate the bed of the cornea after a tissue loss corneal flap has been created. The flap is then repositioned to its starting point. There is little pain after surgery, and most people can normally see again within a day or two.

LASEK - The use of a laser to perform a subepithelial keratectomy, while LASEK and LASIK involve creating a flap in the cornea, LASEK uses a microkeratome to make the incision and ethanol to soften the cornea. Patients with thin corneas may benefit from the technique since it requires less tissue excised during surgery.

SMILE Lasik Surgery - It is extracting a lenticular via a tiny incision (SMILE), this modern kind of corneal refractive surgery involves creating a little lens-shaped piece of tissue just under the cornea's surface to alter its curvature. Then, a tiny incision is made in the cornea to eliminate the lenticular after it has been used to reshape it.

Bioptics - Bioptics combines several methods of correcting myopia or hyperopia into a single procedure, such as intraocular lenses and laser eye surgery.

Laser Refractive Keratectomy - Instead of creating a flap, the epithelium is removed in PRK. This corneal abrasion causes considerable discomfort and temporary impaired vision for three or four days as the eye heals.

Epithelial Laser Ablation (epi-LASIK) - In situ keratomileusis with epithelial laser ablation (epi-LASIK), the epithelium and the corneal stroma are mechanically separated during an epi-LASIK operation using an epikeratome, and then the cornea is reshaped with a laser. The LASEK method is similar to this one.

Intraocular Lenses - They put lenses within your eyes, called intraocular lenses. Intraocular lenses are corrective lenses that are surgically implanted in the eye to correct eyesight. This is a common practice in the cataract removal process in which the old, cloudy natural lens is removed. Therefore, it may be a viable option for LASIK for seniors who may eventually need cataract surgery.

What Are the Advantages of LASIK Eye Surgery?

LASIK operation brings with it a whole list of advantages for people dealing with vision problems, the main ones being:

  • LASIK operation has a 96% success rate
  • The pain caused is minimal
  • Vision is corrected nearly immediately or by the day after the LASIK surgery
  • No bandages or stitches are required
  • Most patients do not have to depend on eyeglasses or contact lenses post the LASIK surgery

Recommended Doctors for LASIK Operation Treatment in India

CureIndia helps you choose the right doctor for your medical treatment. Most of the doctors in our associated hospitals have been internationally trained and are active members of many international medical councils and associations.

Let's hear from some of the most reputed doctors for LASIK operation treatment in India.

1) Dr. Suraj Munjal

Dr. Suraj Munjal - Lasik Surgery Doctor

2) Dr. Smriti Jain

Dr. Smriti Jain - Lasik Surgery Doctor

3) Dr. Suwarn Chetan

Dr. Suwarn Chetan - Lasik Surgery Doctor

What is Epi-Lasik?

Epi Lasik is a combination of LASIK and LASEK. A surgeon uses a specific instrument known as a microkeratome in LASIK to create a thin flap to lift the Cornea's outer layer. The Uvea is reshaped using an excimer laser. To enable the healing process The flap is then placed back in its original position on top of the cornea. In a LASEK Procedure, the surgeon uses a fine blade known as a trephine. Following this process, the surgeon makes a thin cut on the epithelium and with the aid of alcohol wides the cut. This enables the surgeon to set aside the epithelium and focus on the optical nerve underneath. During the entire procedure, the epithelium remains attached to the eye.

The LASIK vision correction surgery Procedure

Before starting with the EPI- LASIK Surgery, your surgeon puts anesthetic eye drops to ensure a painless procedure. The procedure takes between one to two hours, after which you’ll be able to return home immediately. Once the eyes are number with the help of anesthesia, the surgeon uses a plastic blade, known as an epi-keratome or epithelial separator, and gently slides it over the surface of the cornea gently to separate the epithelial layer (which is the outermost layer of the eye). Later, with the help of a mild suction, a hinged portion of epithelium is created which is then lifted out of the way exposing the underlying tissue. Now the surgeon uses a laser to remove targeted corneal cells. The surgeon starts with the delicate reshaping of the cornea which would then correct the patient’s vision. The epithelial sheet is repositioned over the eye where it sticks on its own and no stitches or sutures are required. A special contact lens is then placed on the eye keeping the flap in place while it heals.

Epi-LASIK operation Recovery Time

The recovery time with Epi-LASIK operation is a little longer than with LASIK. As a patient, you would have to take certain measures to avoid exertion caused by eyesight. You may have to take at least a week off from work and other daily routines.

Candidates who can opt for Epi-Lasik Surgery

In the LASIK vision correction process, the surgeon reshapes the Cornea without cutting the flap. Individuals above the age of 20 and who have an healthy cornea are eligible for the surgery. People suffering from an abnormal thin cornea are usually recommended to undergo this procedure. Moreover, the Epi-Lasik procedure is a flexible option for people suffering from the problem of dry eyes. Furthermore, usually, these candidates are disqualified from regular LASIK procedures. In addition, other people who are good candidates for Epi-Lasik are the ones who have a regular active physical lifestyle. These include athletes, runners etc. In conclusion, Epi-Lasik works in all conditions where regular LASIK Procedures are not recommended.

Candidates who do not qualify for Epi-Lasik Procedure

Candidates who suffer from acute nearsightedness or high myopia are not eligible for this procedure as it may cause abnormal results and other complications. Secondly, Pregnant women or candidates having connective tissue problems and autoimmune diseases are not eligible for this surgery. If you are suffering from eye, retinal or optic nerve disease. In addition, candidates taking steroids or immunosuppressants who are prone to allergic reactions are not eligible.

Epi-LASIK operation Risks Complications

As with all surgical procedures, Epi-LASIK operation carries with it some risks, which are although rare, but are observed sometimes:

  • Under- or over correction
  • Flap complications
  • Glare, halos, and starbursts

Pain Management post Surgery

Chilled Salt Solution is used in the eye for an anesthetic effect . Patients use nonsteriodal anti-inmmatory Xibrom for three days post the surgery. Tropical lubricating drops are recommended to be used twice a day for the duration of 3 days. On a daily basis each hour lubricating drops have to be used.

Dietary Requirements post Lasik

Protein:

Protein rich foods have enormous benefits for the body and the eyes. Having a protein rich diet maintains the health of the cells which further boots the recovery process. Since the components of our eyes are majory made of protein it is important to have a good intake to speed up the healing process. Some protein rich foods which can be included in your diet are chicken, Salmon, Eggs etc.

Carbohydrates:

Carbohydrates fuel the body with the required energy and also promote the healing process. Some healthy carbs to include post lasik include Quinoa, Whole wheat , Oats etc.

Vitamins:

Vitmains such as vitamin C are a boon to eye health. Consuming foods rich in vitamin help fasten the recovery. They also reduce the risk of developing Cataracts. On the other hand they aid in slowing down the signs of aging.

Foods to Avoid Post Surgery

1. High Sugar Foods

Eating high sugar foods may cause a spike in your blood pressure. One must avoid foods such as packed juices, Honey , cakes and candies.

2. Sodium Rich Foods

Like sugar food rich in salt can have a negative impact on blood pressure. Along with causing blood pressure problems salt can be the reason for numerous health abnormalities. These conditions in the later stage worsen the eye health. Foods which must be avoided post surgery include canned foods, pickles, preserved foods. On the other hand junk food must also be avoided. 

3. Processed Foods

During the long run high Processed foods are rich in trans-fat , sodium and sugar worsen your health . The preservatives used contribute to high blood pressure which worsen the eye health. Foods such as popcorn, Fast Foods, biscuits etc must be cut out from your plate.

Having a balanced and nutrious diet will speed up your eye recovery . Eating foods rich in nutrients will enable you to maintain your eye health in the long run.

Lasik Surgery FAQs

Will I be put to sleep during the surgery?

No, the entire procedure is done under the influence of local anaesthesia eye drops. The eye drops are used on the eye before starting the procedure. These drops will numb the eyes so that no pain is felt by the patient during the procedure.

Will I need to wear glasses after my surgery?

The majority of the patients find their vision to be clear post-surgery without the need for glasses or contact lenses. But there is no guarantee that one will not have to wear glasses post the surgery. For patients with high power in some cases, residual power remains which may require them to wear glasses to achieve vision on 6/6. Even if there is a need to wear glasses post-surgery they are of lower power.

What are some things one must be cautious of post-surgery?

One must take proper rest at home and ensure good hygiene. Do not touch your eyes with dirty hands and always wash your hands before applying the medication. One must refrain from rubbing their eyes for four to five days after the surgery. If you face redness or pain or abnormal eye discharges take advice from a medical professional immediately.

Will the effects of laser correction be permanent?

Even Though your treatment is permanent, like every part of your body your eyes will continue to age and your vision will be affected as you grow older. Moreover, laser vision correction does not prevent cataracts but the majority of the patients enjoy clear vision without glasses.

How Accurate is Lasik?

Based on the personal experience of doctors Lasik is very accurate. According to studies most of the patient received corrected vision post the surgery.

Is it possible to repeat the LASIK operation?

Yes, it is possible for you to go for a LASIK surgery twice. However, it is very rare that you will need to repeat a LASIK treatment as in most case, the patient get an improved vision after one surgery.

How much does LASIK surgery cost?

The cost of a LASIK surgery is varies depending on the location, hospital, doctors, etc. However, the average cost of a LASIK surgery is somewhere around $1000 to $4000.

What is the best age for LASIK surgery?

In most cases, the majority of the surgeons consider the age of 25 to 40 as the ideal age for undergoing a LASIK surgery. This is because, by the age of 25 one’s contact lens and eyeglasses power tends to get stabilized. However, you can definitely be qualified to go for a LASIK surgery as long as you have a stable vision prescription.

What are the symptoms after LASIK surgery?

The common symptoms after a LASIK surgery include- itchy eyes, your eyes might feel gritty, you can get burning sensation in the eyes, and they can be watery. You might also get a blurred vision. It is common to go through a mild pain after a LASIK. However, the pain might subside in a few days and you also get back a clear vision very quickly. Doctors will suggest you some pain relief medicines and eyedrops so that you feel comfortable for many hours after the surgery.

Do I have to follow any post LASIK instructions?

The most common instructions as suggested by doctors after a LASIK surgery are-
  • Giving proper rest to your eyes
  • Avoiding reading, using computer, or watching TV
  • Avoiding straining your eyes
  • Not wearing eye makeup of any kind.
  • Avoid getting soap or water entering your eyes for at least five days.

After LASIK, an eye is stronger than an eye- is it true?

It is common to feel that your one eye is stronger than the other after the LASIK surgery. If your physician has checked both your eyes, there is nothing to worry about. You will soon have similar vision in both your eyes.