Hemorrhoid Treatment

Hemorrhoid Treatment


Hemorrhoids/Piles Treatment in India - Types, Causes, Treatment Options and Cost

The end part of the digestive canal is the rectum where the feces is stored after completing the digestion. This rectum has a mucous membrane layer. Beneath this layer, there lies a cluster of veins. When these veins become swollen, we call it a condition called Hemorrhoids. It is commonly called piles. It looks like varicose veins. It can cause itching, pain, and sometimes bleeding. The piles can be treated with home remedies. However, in severe cases, people need to have medical treatment and procedures. It can also occur on the skin around the anus.

There are 2 Types of Hemorrhoids/Piles:

Internal hemorrhoids: The hemorrhoids that occur in the rectum are known as internal hemorrhoids. It is not visible or may not cause any discomfort. But it can cause some irritation and discomfort while passing feces. The symptoms of internal piles are:

  • Painless bleeding while passing stool.
  • You may see blood on toilet paper.
  • Sometimes, it can prolapse (It protrudes outside).
  • Prolapsed hemorrhoids cause irritation and pain.

External Hemorrhoids: The hemorrhoids that occur in the anal skin are known as external hemorrhoids. It is painful and irritating. The symptoms of external piles are:

  • Irritation and itching on the anus area
  • Discomfort and pain
  • Swelling in the anal area
  • Bleeding from the anus

There is a condition called Thrombosed Hemorrhoids. It is an external hemorrhoid that forms a blood clot known as a thrombus. The symptoms include:

  • Severe swelling
  • Extreme pain
  • Hard lump on the anal area.
  • Inflammation

What Are the Causes of Piles /Hemorrhoids?

The general cause of piles is the pressure buildup on the anal area which causes the stretch and it may swell or bulge. The increased pressure in the anus or the rectum can be caused by many reasons. Some of them are listed below.

  • Chronic constipation
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Straining while passing stools
  • Pregnancy
  • Obesity
  • Poor diet
  • Lifting heavy weights regularly
  • Sitting for a longer time

What Are the Complications That Arise from Hemorrhoids?

In very rare cases the presence of hemorrhoids can cause other issues in the body such as:

Anemia: Anemia is a condition where there are not enough RBCs to carry the oxygen in the body. Hemorrhoids can give rise to anemia due to ongoing bleeding from the site of the hemorrhoid.

Blood Clot: Sometimes, a clot can be formed at the site of hemorrhoids and hence it is known as a thrombosed hemorrhoid. It is not too harmful but it may cause a lot of pain and it needs to be drained off.

Strangulated Hemorrhoid: Strangulated hemorrhoid causes a lot of pain. It happens when the internal hemorrhoid’s blood supply is cut off.

What are the Causes of Piles in Females?

The causes of piles are the same for all the genders. However, in some cases, the causes of piles in females may differ from males. The symptoms of piles in females are:

Pregnancy: During pregnancy, there is an increase in pressure on the pelvic floor as you reach 36 weeks of pregnancy. This pressure causes the blood vessels to become swollen which causes piles. The piles that are caused during pregnancy are most likely to resolve on their own after the delivery of the baby.

Chronic constipation: Women are more susceptible to constipation because of constant hormonal changes that happen during pregnancy. Further, a poor diet lacking fiber can worsen constipation which causes strain on the anal area leading to piles.

Diarrhea: If anyone is suffering from diarrhea, it can also worsen the pain and irritation of the hemorrhoids which causes inflammation and swelling.

Sedentary Lifestyle: It is the same for all genders. Nowadays people are doing jobs that require prolonged sitting which is very bad for not just hemorrhoids, but for overall health. However, the longer sitting period exerts pressure on the pelvic floor of the body, which causes the glute muscles to speed. The veins near the rectum and anus stretch as a result of this and cause piles.

Heavy lifting: Most piles are common in older age. However, with an increase in fitness and health awareness, more people are joining gyms. Regular heavy lifting and intense exercise may lead to developing hemorrhoids.

What are the Treatment Options Available in India for Hemorrhoids/Piles?

There are many treatment options available in India for hemorrhoids. Based on the diagnosis, your doctor will recommend the best procedure for the treatment of piles. Most of the piles can be treated at home by increasing the fiber-rich food, drinking enough water, applying ointments, taking warm baths, etc. However, if your piles are severe, you need to get proper medical treatment. The treatment options available in India are:

1. Internal Hemorrhoids Treatment

The most preferred treatment for internal hemorrhoids is to stop the blood supply by shrinking and removing the blood vessels. Your doctor may use one of these procedures for internal hemorrhoids treatment:

Sclerotherapy: In this treatment, the doctor injects a solution in the area around the hemorrhoids. This chemical solution causes scarring and as a result, the hemorrhoid shrinks and becomes dry and smaller.

Rubber band ligation: This procedure is used for the internal hemorrhoids that have prolapsed. The doctor puts a medical tool like a rubber band around the base of the hemorrhoid. Due to this, the blood supply is stopped and hence, the hemorrhoid shrinks and dries and eventually falls off.

Infrared photocoagulation: As the name suggests, this procedure uses infrared light to treat the hemorrhoids. The doctor uses a medical tool that directs an infrared light on the hemorrhoid. Due to the heat of the light, the blood supply is stopped, and the hemorrhoid shrinks, dries, and falls off.

Electrocauterization: In this method, a doctor uses electric probes to make a small burn to remove the tissue and seal the base of the hemorrhoid. After this procedure, the blood supply is closed which causes the hemorrhoid to shrink and dry.

2. External Hemorrhoids Treatment

Most of the time external hemorrhoids can be treated with some home remedies like taking warm baths, applying ice packs, taking over-the-counter pain relievers, and applying ointments. The outer hemorrhoids treatment can be done with creams and ointments. Nowadays there are medicines known as suppositories that you put in the rectum. These medicines contain components like lidocaine that numbs the area. You should consult your doctor before doing anything on your own. However, if the condition is severe, then you need a medical procedure to treat the external hemorrhoids.

3. Hemorrhoids Surgery

Most of the people with piles don’t need the surgery to remove the hemorrhoid. However, if other treatments have not worked for you, and if your hemorrhoid is larger than usual, your doctor will recommend surgery as the best option for you. Some of the surgical methods to treat the hemorrhoids are as follows:

Hemorrhoidectomy: As the name suggests, the hemorrhoids are removed in this surgery. This method has proved to be the best option for large external hemorrhoids and prolapsing internal hemorrhoids as they tend to recur after the less invasive treatments. But the hemorrhoids removed by this procedure do not reoccur. The procedure is simple yet has a slightly longer recovery period. During this procedure, you will be under anesthesia so that you won’t feel pain or discomfort. Your surgeon will cut the affected area and seal the veins. The wound is then either closed or left open depending on its location.

Hemorrhoidopexy: It is a procedure that uses a stapling device to remove the hemorrhoid tissue. It is mostly used for internal prolapsed hemorrhoids. It cuts the hemorrhoid’s blood flow and places the prolapsed tissue back in its anatomical place. Over time, the hemorrhoid shrinks and dries and falls off. General anesthesia is given to the patient during this procedure.

Recovery after Piles Disease Treatment

The complete recovery after piles surgery can take about 4 to 8 weeks. The recovery period depends on the size, number, and severity of piles as well as your overall health condition. Once you reach home after the surgery, you should avoid any heavy activities for at least 1 or 2 weeks. After 2 weeks you can resume your normal activity but still avoid any heavy lifting exercises or any other heavy activity. Some discomfort and pain can be felt for a week after the surgery. However, it will go away as you heal. Make sure to avoid constipation and maintain wound care. Keep the area clean and dry by gently cleaning it.

Why You Should Travel to India for Hemorrhoids Treatment?

The healthcare organizations in India are constantly upgrading and making an effort to provide top-notch medical care. The surgeons in Indian hospitals are internationally trained and have many years of knowledge and experience. The top hospitals of India are providing different packages for international patients. Also, the cost of stay, travel, medicines, etc. are very low as compared to other countries. You will get premium treatment at cost-effective prices. Furthermore, the medical team is with you from the consultation till the end of the treatment. You can always make a call and ask any query you might have post-surgery to your healthcare provider.

What is The Hemorrhoid Surgery Cost in India?

The total cost of hemorrhoid treatment depends on many factors like your city, hospital, type of treatment, severity of the condition, etc. However, the average package cost of hemorrhoid treatment in India can range between 1500 USD to 2500 USD. The cost of hemorrhoid treatment in India is very much lower than in other countries like the USA where the total cost may be high up to 5500 USD and in Thailand from 3000 USD to 4000 USD.

Treatment Name Cost in USA Cost in Thailand Cost in India
Hemorrhoids surgery $5,000 - $5,500 $3,000 - $4,000 $1,500 - $2,000

Recommended Doctors for Hemorrhoid Treatment in India

CureIndia helps you choose the right doctor for your medical treatment. Most of the doctors in our associated hospitals have been internationally trained and are active members of many international medical councils and associations.

Let's hear from some of the most reputed doctors for Hemorrhoid treatment in India.

1. Dr. Kuldeep Vicky

Dr. Vicky Kuldeep is a renowned general surgeon in Delhi NCR. He has a specialization in laparoscopic surgery.

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2. Dr. Sumeet Shah

Dr. Sumeet Shah is one of the best general surgeons in India. He performs all types of general, laparoscopic, bariatric, and robotic surgeries.

dr-sumeet-shah-hernia-surgery-doctor

3. Dr. Vinay Kumar Shaw

Dr. Vinay Kumar Shaw is a specialist in fistula, gallbladder stone, hernia, bariatric, laser piles, laparoscopic, and GI surgery.

dr-vinay-kumar-shaw-hernia-surgery-doctor

4. Dr. Arvind Kumar

Dr. Arvind Kumar is the most experienced general surgeon with extensive knowledge. He has expertise in laparoscopic surgeries.

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5. Dr. Nikhil Narain

Dr. Nikhil Narain is a well-known proctologist. He has done thousands of general surgeries successfully.

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Conclusion

It is important to receive proper treatment for hemorrhoids. The treatment for hemorrhoids can cost you a lot in many different countries. It is beneficial for international patients to receive the best treatment at a low cost which is achievable in India. Indian hospitals provide the best treatment at cost-effective prices. Also, there are different packages that Indian hospitals provide. This can help you to choose the perfect treatment for you with a comfortable stay and other facilities.

Hemorrhoid Treatment FAQs

Are hemorrhoids a severe condition?

Despite the discomfort and anguish caused by hemorrhoids, they are seldom life-threatening. Hemorrhoids might develop in persons with hemorrhoids on occasion. Anemia. External hemorrhoids may cause blood clots to form.

How do you identify a hemorrhoid?

Your anus will seem like a large red lump or bump if you have prolapsed hemorrhoids. If you look closely at this region while holding a mirror, you might be able to spot them. Pain, itching, or even burning may accompany a protruding hematoma, but these symptoms do not always indicate a more serious problem.

Is it easy to recover from hemorrhoids?

It can alleviate minor hemorrhoid symptoms using simple lifestyle adjustments within two to seven days. Over-the-counter fiber supplements and meals, including fruits, veggies, and grains, may help you receive the fiber you need. The best way to avoid straining during bowel motions is to drink extra water, which may help.

Is stress one of the reasons for resulting hemorrhoids?

Constipation and diarrhea may exacerbate the symptoms of hemorrhoids, which can be exacerbated by stress. A person's sphincter muscle tightens under stress, putting more pressure on the rectum. This pressure may cause hemorrhoid flare-ups.

Do piles fade away on their own?

Sometimes the hemorrhoids are resolved without any treatment and some hemorrhoids don’t show any symptoms but can cause more damage. It is better to see your doctor if the hemorrhoids are increasing in size.

Are hemorrhoids similar to cancer?

No. Hemorrhoids or Piles is a condition where the veins near the anus or rectum swell and become inflamed whereas cancer is a condition where the cells divide uncontrollably and form a tumor.

Can we prevent Piles/Hemorrhoids?

Yes, your lifestyle matters a lot. Not only for a particular disease but for the overall health of the body. Eating clean food high in fiber like fruits, vegetables, etc. is very important. Drinking enough water is also very beneficial for your health. Avoid constipation to prevent Piles.

Do hemorrhoids reoccur after surgery?

Well, it differs from person to person. Some people experience recurring piles whereas some people get permanent relief from piles after surgery. The chances of recurring hemorrhoids are nullified if you maintain a good lifestyle and avoid constipation.

Can a hemorrhoid become cancerous?

No. Cancer is an abnormal growth of cells whereas hemorrhoids are a condition where the blood vessels swell and cause inflammation which may be due to infection or excess pressure on pelvic muscles due to prolonged sitting.