Vitreoretinal surgery is a group of eye surgery procedures which are performed deep inside the eye via laser treatment or surgical instruments.
A specific type of vitreoretinal surgery, a vitrectomy is a surgery in which a vitreous, a gel-like substance is removed present in the centre of the eye. After the removal, the eye surgeon is able to carry out with procedures inside the eye interior. Various kinds of vitreoretinal surgery and laser approaches are used to retain, maintain and improve vision for many eye ailments.
The most common reasons for a vitreoretinal surgery include eye ailments which can damage the eye if not treated on time:
• Diabetic Vitreous Hemorrhage
• Retinal Detachment
• Epiretinal Membrane
• Macular Hole
• Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy
• Foreign Body Removal
During the vitreoretinal surgery procedure, your eye surgeons would use delicate instruments for micro incisions and advanced optical instruments to perform your vitreoretinal surgery. Local anaesthesia is employed to numb the eye. The eye surgeon removes the vitreous substance and goes ahead to dig deeper in the eye interior. After this step, the surgeon would replace the natural vitreous substance present in the with a saline liquid, which would be injected. Alternatively, silicone oil along with gases can also be used in the form of the bubble for the replacement. This bubble is responsible for pressing your retina against the wall of your eye which helps in the healing process. Your body will be replacing this bubble with the natural fluids by about 3-4 weeks.
Vitreoretinal surgery is a complicated surgical procedure with the potential for risks like:
• retinal detachment
• continued bleeding into the vitreous
• corneal edema (fluid buildup in the cornea)
• internal eye infection
• Elevated intraocular pressure
After your vitreoretinal surgery, you can leave the hospital (eye clinic) the same day. At home, you would have to be careful about your posture as it will help the gas or oil bubble stay in the right place against the retina. Your surgeon will instruct you over the certain postures you would have to be in. Vision after vitrectomy usually takes a few days to return. Taking care of your eyes and going to your doctor for follow up appointments would also be needed.
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