Squint Surgery is a medical procedure done to fix “squint” or strabismus, which is a mild eye disorder that causes the eyeballs to point in a different direction in comparison to a healthy eye which focuses the vision on the centre part of the pupil. A person with a squint will have trouble focusing his eyes on an object. That's because while one eye focuses normally, the other eye focuses in a different direction. As a result, the person doesn't have a very clear vision. It is also commonly known as the “lazy eye” but it can be cured.
There can be many causes of Squint, and the most common reasons being:
● Weak eye muscles, this causes the eyeball to hang loosely
● Nerve conditions
● Myopia (short-sightedness) or Hypermetropia (Long-sightedness)
● Weakness on the part of the brain that controls the eye movements.
● Astigmatism, where the cornea is not curved properly
There are different types of squint which can be categorized by the way the eye turns its position.
● Hypertropia: Eye turns upwards
● Hypotropia: Eye turns downwards
● Esotropia: Eye turns inwards
● Exotropia: Eye turns outwards
If your squint condition is mild or if your field of vision is not largely affected, then using glasses is a good option. Another method is to use an eye patch. In this procedure, the affected eye is covered with an eye patch, and the other eye is left to correct on its own. This method is good with no medical complications but can take several years to fix the squint. Therefore, the best way to treat a squint is through squint surgery. It is a surgical procedure in which the muscles that cause the eye movement are rectified. The muscles are tightened in order to keep the focus intact at one place. In some cases, both the eyes have to undergo the surgery.
A person possessing squint eyes or cross eyes qualifies for the squint surgery. The squint surgery can be smoothly carried out once the squint has been diagnosed. However, people with high blood pressure may not qualify for the squint surgery. It is also recommended to get the squint surgery for your child when he/she gets a little older. Moreover, the first choice of squint treatment should be via wearing glasses.
The squint surgery has medically evolved over time and now has a 100% success rate of correcting the squint. The surgery can even be safely performed on children. More so since it is recommended to correct the squint at an earlier stage. The reason is that the eye muscles become accustomed to the crooked vision with time and therefore make squint surgery relatively difficult.
The side effects of the Squint Surgery are negligible since the surgery is very simple and recovery time is also very quick. However, in some cases minor side effects may cause:
● General Anesthesia Side Effects: Transient problems, Sore Throat, Nausea (all of which are very rare)
● Wound Healing (very rare)
The squint surgery is a simple surgery that does not require any elaborate arrangements. You can go back home after a day’s session at the eye care centre. You can even start doing most of your routine work within a week. However, you would be advised to wear glasses in the early days to avoid any infections.
The eye care treatment in India is now at a very premium level. The doctors and eye surgeons on board will make sure your squint surgery is a comfortable experience. Not only this, the squint surgery cost in India is much more reasonable that it would be in countries like US, Japan, Australia. We have some of the best eye care centres in India which specialize in squint surgery and other eye problems.
● Sharp Sight
● Center for Sight, Delhi/NCR
● Spectra Eye Hospital, New Delhi.