Retinal detachment occurs when the retina pulls away from its normal position at the back of your eye. The Retina becomes dysfunctional which causes partial or complete loss of vision depending on the extent of detachment of the retina.
Retinal detachment surgery is a medical emergency because when your retina becomes detached, its cells are severely deprived of oxygen, which may lead to irreversible blindness.
The usual symptoms that spring up before your retina becomes detached areas. Retinal detachment is totally a painless process so one has to depend on the following symptoms:
● Blurred vision
● Partial vision loss, restricting your field of vision.
● Flashes of light in one or both eyes
● Gradually reduced side (peripheral) vision
● Suddenly seeing many floaters, which are small bits of debris that appear as black flecks or strings floating before your eye
There are three types of retinal detachment:
● Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment: You have a tear or hole in your retina
● Tractional Retinal Detachment: Scar tissue on the retina’s surface contracts and causes your retina to pull away from the back of your eye
● Exudative Retinal Detachment: No tears or breaks in your retina. Retinal disorders that cause this type of detachment:
- An inflammatory disorder that leads to fluid accumulation behind your retina
- Cancer behind your retina
- Coats’ disease, which causes abnormal development in the blood vessels such that they leak proteins that build up behind your retina
Retinal detachment Treatment is done to prevent them from getting detached completely. There are several methods for retinal detachment treatment procedure.
● Photocoagulation: This Retinal detachment treatment procedure is performed you have a hole or tear in your retina even though your retina is still attached. This kind of Retinal detachment treatment is done with a laser.
● Cryopexy: This Retinal detachment treatment procedure uses a freezing probe outside of your eye in the area over the retinal tear site where the resultant scar resulting helps the retina stay in its position.
● Retinopexy: A gas bubble is put in your eye so that your retina moves back into place up against the wall of your eye.
● Scleral Buckling: This Retinal detachment treatment uses a technique of placing a band around the outside of your eye to push the wall of your eye into your retina, getting it back into place for proper healing.
● Vitrectomy: Vitrectomy is used as a Retinal detachment treatment procedure when the retinal detachment is very large. The doctor uses small tools to remove abnormal vascular or scar tissue and a gel-like fluid from your retina.
There's no way to prevent retinal detachment. However, a few measures can be taken.
● Wear protective eye wear while playing sports or using tools.
● Keep blood sugar and blood pressure in control.
● Get eye check ups done frequently.