Spinal Tumors Surgery

Spinal Tumors Surgery

Spine Cancer Surgery in India - Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

First, primary and secondary kinds of spinal malignancies affect the spine. Within the spinal column, primary cancer in the spine cancer occurs. Secondary spinal cord tumors may sometimes be the primary cause of symptoms. Why tumors grow in the membranes surrounding the spinal cord is not understood. Metastatic cancers travel to the vertebra from other body parts, like the breast, prostate, or kidney, and affect the vertebrae. One of the body's most essential communication systems, the spinal cord, is made up of nerve tissue that runs from the bottom of the brain down one side of the back. The central nervous system includes the spinal cord.

CNS cells usually divide and develop in a coordinated and organized manner. This process can go out of hand and result in tumors. Malignant and nonmalignant tumors are two distinct types of tumors. In a malignant tumor, diseased cells may develop into and kill surrounding tissue and extend into other regions of the CNS. Even if it continues to grow, a benign tumor is not malignant and cannot spread to other body parts.

What is Spine Cancer?

A spinal tumor is caused a result of a growth that progresses within your spinal canal or the bones present around the spine area. A spinal cord tumor may also be sometimes referred to as an intradural tumor, as this type of tumor begins within the spinal cord which is the covering of the spinal cord. The spinal cord is a part of the central nervous system as it is a bundle of nervous tissues that start from the base of the brain towards the bottom of the back. The spinal cord is surrounded by three protective membranes. A vertebral tumor is a kind of tumor that affects vertebrae, i.e. the bones of the spine. Sometimes the tumors present in the other parts of the body spread or 'metastasize' up to the spinal cord or the to the vertebrae, which can also cause tumor in the spinal cord. Spinal tumors can cause severe problems like extreme pain, damage to nerves causing neurological problems and in some cases, paralysis. A spinal tumor is therefore threatening and should be treated.

Types of Intradural Tumors

1. Intramedullary tumors:

Intramedullary tumors are found within spinal cord itself, with the most common types being gliomas, astrocytomas or ependymomas. Sometimes, an intramedullary tumor may also be present as a result of the metastasis from a malignant tumor that may have spread to the spinal cord.

2. Extramedullary tumors:

Extramedullary tumors grow in either around the membrane which surrounds the spinal cord or the nerve roots extending out from the spinal cord. Extramedullary tumors may not begin from within the spinal cord itself; however, they do significantly affect the function of the spinal cord by causing problems like spinal cord compression. The types of extramedullary tumors that interrupt with the function of the spinal cord include meningiomas, neurofibromas, schwannomas and nerve sheath tumors.

Symptoms of Spinal Cord Tumor

There may be different signs and symptoms of spinal cord tumor, depending on the type of growth of the spinal cord tumor. The signs of a spinal cord tumor are:

  • Severe pain at the location where the tumor is present
  • Consistent back pain, reaching out to other parts of your body
  • Lesser sensation to pain, heat and cold
  • Loss in function of the bowel and bladder
  • Difficulty to walk straight, sometimes causing a fall
  • Worse back pain in the night
  • Paralysis
  • Pain in standing straight
  • Muscle weakness in different parts of your body

Back pain is the earliest and the most common symptom of spinal cord tumors. This back pain is likely to radiate towards the other parts of your body like hips, legs, feet or arms and may become severe over time, requiring an immediate spinal cord tumor treatment.

Symptoms of Spine Cancer in Women

The presence of additional cancer symptoms and back pain are almost always present when cancer is present. When connected to cancer, these symptoms might sometimes be misdiagnosed as caused by another ailment. The following are some examples of these symptoms:

  • A discomfort in the back that does not seem connected to movement or does not appear to be made worse by exercise.
  • Back discomfort does not go away despite trying different therapies or physical therapy.
  • Back discomfort mainly manifests throughout the night or early morning hours and either completely disappear or significantly improves over the day.
  • Symptoms include tingling, numbness, or weakness in the arms or legs.
  • Alterations in your bowel movements, including the presence of blood in either your urine or your stool.
  • Inexplicable tiredness.
  • a steep drop in weight with no apparent cause

Concerned about cancer-related back pain? Back pain does not need to be severe to be a warning sign of cancer. The intensity might vary from person to person. Along with exhibiting these symptoms, having a family history of the disease may also increase your risk. Discuss your concerns with your doctor.

Causes of Spinal Cord Tumor

The exact reason as to why most spinal tumors develop still hasn't been found yet. Many medical researchers hold the defective genes responsible for the spinal cord tumor. But this is also not clear if these genetic defects are congenital, inherited or develop over time. Sometimes, spinal cord tumors may develop as a result of being exposed to harmful environmental conditions such as exposure to certain chemicals. But in most cases the development of spinal cord tumors is related to inheriting syndromes, such as Neurofibromatosis 2 and von Hippel-Lindau disease.

Neurofibromatosis 2: In this hereditary disorder, the nerves that are responsible for the hearing function are surround by the benign tumors. Due to the growth of tumors on these nerves, the hearing function of one or both ears may be impaired leading to hear loss. Some people with neurofibromatosis 2 can also be a victim of spinal canal tumors.

Von Hippel-Lindau Disease: This is a rare but multi-system disorder which is related to blood vessel tumors (hemangioblastomas) in the brain, retina and spinal cord and with other types of tumors in the kidneys or adrenal glands

Spinal Cord Tumor Diagnosis

Once you realize you possess symptoms of spinal cord tumor, you should consult a doctor as soon as possible. The doctor will carry out a physical examination to asses the presence and location of the spinal cord tumor.

To confirm the presence of spinal cord tumor, and to check its exact location and the stage of the cancer, the doctor may carry out the following tests:

  • X-ray test to identify the cancer cells and see if they have spread to any other parts other than the spinal cord.
  • MRI scan to determine the extent or stage of the cancer
  • Biopsy carried out to determine exactly which type of a spinal tumor is present by examining the small tissue sample (biopsy) under a microscope.
  • CT scan used rarely but carried out to diagnose the spinal cord tumor using intense beam of radiation.

Spinal Cord Tumor Treatment

There are several kinds of Spinal Cord Tumor treatment that are present which are chosen, alone or in combination. They depend on the type, stage of spinal cord tumor, age, personal preferences and sensitivity . Here are the most common forms of spinal cord tumor treatment that are either in the form of oral cancer surgery or radiotherapy or chemotherapy.

Spinal Cord Tumor Surgery:

In the Spinal cord tumor surgery, the doctor takes the tumor out of your spine when the surgeon removes the cancer cells surgically through medical instruments. The surgery carries a risk of spinal cord or nerve injury damage. However, now the latest techniques and instruments have enabled the neurosurgeons to get access to the tumors and extract them which are otherwise inaccessible. The high-powered, latest microscopes which are used in microsurgery help the doctors easily distinguish tumor from healthy tissue.


Chemotherapy is another common form of spinal cord tumor treatment which is done over several weeks via administration of drugs via several kinds of injections to kill the cancer cells: drugs intravenously (IV), intra-arterially (IA), or via intraperitoneal (IP).

Targeted Chemotherapy:

Unlike traditional chemotherapy, these drugs are used to selectively treat the affected area, thereby causing lesser damage to other parts of the system. Advanced medications can now directly target specific functions in cancer cells.

Radiation Therapy:

Radiation therapy is a Spinal cord tumor treatment that is widely used to treat inoperable tumor cells. Radiation Therapy consists of X-rays or even stronger waves like the Ultra-violet (UV) rays. In some cases, chemotherapy is coupled with radiation therapy for a more effective spinal cord cancer treatment.

Recommended Doctors for Spinal Tumors Surgery in India

CureIndia helps you choose the right doctor for your medical treatment. Most of the doctors in our associated hospitals have been internationally trained and are active members of many international medical councils and associations.

Let's hear from some of the most reputed dcotor's for Spinal Tumors Surgery in India.

1. Dr Manoj Miglani


2. Dr. Hitesh Garg


3. Dr. Ramandeep Singh Dang

4. Dr. Saurabh Kapoor


Is Spine Cancer Fatal?

Vertebrae, the supportive network that surrounds the spinal cord, or even the spinal cord itself, may get infected with tumors originating in other body regions. This process is referred to as metastasis. In extreme cases, spinal tumors and growths may cause excruciating pain, neurological symptoms, and even paralysis. A tumor in the spinal column might pose a risk to one's life and result in a permanent handicap. Surgery, spine cancer surgery, medication, or perhaps other drugs could be used to treat patients who have spinal tumors.

Does Spinal Cancer Cause Paralysis?

Different types and locations of spine cancer might cause other symptoms. One or more of the following may be among them, although this list is not exhaustive:

Pain in the back and the neck are two of the most typical indications that a patient has a spinal tumor. There is a possibility that the discomfort is caused by the tumor pushing on the spinal cord or the nerves. Alterations in the position of the vertebrae in the spine brought on by the cancer are another possibility. Spinal tumors may cause neurological symptoms and issues. Radiculopathy, myelopathy, coldness, tingling, and muscular weakness are all possible symptoms, as are problems with the bowels and bladders caused by nerve compression. Paralysis and trouble walking are symptoms of this condition.

If the tumor expands to the point where it alters the spine's position, it may also induce scoliosis, kyphosis, and other abnormalities of a similar kind.

Who is at Risk for Developing Spinal Tumors?

People with spine cancer are more prone to develop spinal tumors, particularly those with lung, breast, and prostate cancer. These spinal tumors are classified as metastatic or secondary. Although they are uncommon, primary spinal tumors tend to strike individuals between the ages of 65 and 74 years old in adults and between 10 and 16 years old in children.

Bottom Line

It's a terrifying experience to learn that you have cancer in your spinal column. Be assured, however, that the medical professionals caring for you will craft a specific and comprehensive treatment strategy that will alleviate your pain and enhance the quality of your life. You should get medical attention if you experience any spine cancer symptoms. Early detection of spinal tumor metastases is possible with regular follow-up sessions after cancer therapy.

Spine Tumor FAQs

Is it possible to cure cancer of the spine?

It was previously thought that spinal metastases were fatal. However, current research suggests that some patients with one spinal metastases may have a chance of cure if they undergo vigorous treatment. This treatment may include surgical resection.

When does spinal cancer progress to its terminal stages?

In more advanced stages of spine cancer, weakness, inability to walk, and paralysis may occur.

How fast does a cancer of the spine progress?

One of the most common characteristics of spinal tumors is their rapid progression. Tumors originating in the body's tissue frequently grow slowly, sometimes taking months or even years to reach their final stages. Mostly, symptoms may be traced back to spinal cord tumors. It may take years before tumors that are located outside of the spinal cord cause harm to the nerves.

Can a blood test detect spinal cancer?

Brain and spinal cord tumors cannot be diagnosed using blood tests. As a result, they are often performed before any therapy is initiated. They can tell you a lot about your overall health, the functioning of your other organs, any other medical disorders you may have, and the dangers of any treatments you could get.

Is it possible for cancer of the spine to metastasize to the brain?

Spine cancer that begins in one part of the body may travel to the brain or spine through metastasis. Malignant tumors that often invade the central nervous system include melanoma, breast, lung, and colon cancer.

How long does a spinal cancer patient live?

Those with the same kind of tumor are compared to persons in the general population to determine their relative survival rates. For instance, if the average 5-year survival rate for a particular type of brain tumor is 70%, this indicates that individuals who have that tumor have, on average, approximately 70% of the same likelihood as people who do not have that tumor to survive for a minimum of 5 years after diagnosis of the disease.

Is spinal hemangioma dangerous?

The spine's hemangiomas are almost always harmless and do not cause any symptoms. They can potentially result in life-threatening consequences such as pathological fractures of the spine & neurological impairment.

Can a benign spinal tumor become cancerous?

Even though these spinal tumors are usually harmless, a small number can become cancerous. When benign spinal tumors get big enough to press on the spinal cord or other structures, they can cause problems.

How vital is Radiation therapy for spinal cancer?

The main objective of radiotherapy is to make cancer smaller and take pressure off the spinal cord. This can make nerve damage less likely to happen over time. If you need them, your doctor will give you painkillers. You also have steroids, which can help alleviate the pressure on your spinal cord and reduce swelling.

Does Spine cancer spread?

Some tumors in the spine are malignant, which is also called spinal cancer. This means they could spread to other parts of the body. Even though some tumors are benign, which means they are not cancerous and do not spread, this does not mean they are entirely safe.

How common is Back cancer in women?

Spinal cancer is not very common. Approximately 1 in 140 men & 1 in 180 women will get it eventually.

What is the survival rate of spine cancer patients?

A patient's prognosis for spine cancer varies on the kind and location of the tumor, and also on the patient's age at the time of diagnosis. According to the American Society of Clinical Oncology, the average five-year survival rate for patients with a malignant brain or spinal tumor is 36%.