A lung transplant is a surgery carried out to replace a diseased or dysfunctional lung with a healthy, donated lung. The lug is mostly taken from a deceased donor who died a natural death. Lung Transplant is an advanced surgery, i.e. it's performed when other methods of treating the lung, via medications, therapy, change in lifestyle have not succeeded. The lung transplant is not a simple surgery, however, it can promote better health prospects and quality of life because of a healthy lung. A lung transplant may either replace only one of your lungs or both of them, depending on the complexity of the damage to the lung(s).
A Lung transplant is considered necessary when all other treatments for a diseased lung have been tried, but have not caused any considerable improvement towards the functioning of the lung. Such cases can lead to lung failure, further leading to death. Here are some of the causes of failing lung:
• Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (emphysema and chronic bronchitis)
• Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
• Cystic fibrosis
• Idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension
• Severe bronchiectasis
• Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency
A lung transplant is a very delicate procedure. If certain medical conditions in your body are found out to interfere with the functioning on the new implanted lung, you may be considered disqualified for a lung transplant. The conditions or the grounds on which you can be rejected as a candidate for a lung transplant are:
• Presence of active infection.
• Medical history of cancer
• Critical ailments like heart diseases, liver failure or kidney disease.
• Not adaptable with certain lifestyle changes
• Do not have anyone to take care after surgery.
In the Lung Transplant Procedure, you are administered general anaesthesia before the lung transplant surgery so that a painless surgery is ensured from the surgeon's end. The anaesthesia employed is generally strong so it may put you to sleep. The surgeon inserts a tubular structure inside the windpipe via which you will breathe for the time while the surgery is conducted. Another tube is inserted through the nostrils to drain the stomach contents. At the same time, a catheter is also used to drain the bladder before the surgery. Your body is hinged to a heart-lung machine as the surgery is performed. This device is responsible for pumping oxygenated blood throughout the body during the surgery. The surgeon makes a cut around the chest area, opening the passage to the old lung. The old lung is removed, and the new lung form the donor is connected to the airways and the arteries. As soon as the new lung starts to function like a normal lung, the cut is closed via stitches. Since the lung transplant surgery is highly delicate surgery, the patient is kept in the ICU for the few initial days.
The latest one year- lung transplant survival rate for a single lung transplant is about 80%, while the 5 year- lung transplant survival rate for a single lung transplant is about 50%
If the lung transplant surgery is carried out at a good hospital under great expertise, chances are that the lung transplant doesn't have any risks. However, certain risks may pop up as the surgery is delicate. The risks/side effects are:
• Weight gain
• A rounder face
• Facial hair
• Stomach problems
• High Blood pressure